Current Projects

Spring 2018 Projects

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Legend: 1 = Primary Discipline | 2 = Secondary Discipline | 3 = Optional Discipline(s)

Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
AbDisc LLC AbDisc; Core Fitness Tracker Bilen, Len 3 0 1 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Abstract; AB-Disc
A Wearable Tech device for the Fitness/Personal Health market.
The AB-Disc is an isometric exercise device intended to alleviate the adverse health consequences of
Sitting Disease. It is worn inside a belt or waistband, and works as a step counter while the user is
active. When the user is inactive, such as when commuting, working on a computer, or watching TV,
AbDisc enters it’s sedentary/posture mode. In this mode AbDisc senses the pressure between the
users stomach and waistband, then vibrates to encourage the user to avoid slouching and engage
their core. These sedentary/posture sessions last about 90 seconds and repeat every 12 minutes
throughout the day. These sessions improve posture and the muscle activity protects the user from
Metabolic Syndrome and it’s health problems, which researchers now call Sitting Disease.
2 . Current state of AB-Disc ;
A. Wearable Device - Semi-working prototype in a plastic and rubber housing with belt clip. It
uses a module from MbientLabs that incorporates a uProcessor, an accelerometer, and a bluetooth
radio. The force sensing resistor is implemented as part of the PCB and housing. A battery and
inductive charging receiver circuit are also incorporated. (charging is not Qi compliant)
B. Charging base - Prototype. Plastic housing with inductive charging transmitter circuit and USB
connector.
C. Android app. "Pre-Beta". Displays step count and posture session data... intermittently! The
app was also done by MbientLab.
3. Scope of work;
A; 1. Select uProc, accelerometer, and bluetooth radio IC’s, or use an existing module
incorporating these components.
2. Design circuit.
3. Write the control firmware/software.
4. Write Android and iPhone apps.
5. Build the backend website to aggregate and analyze user data.
B; 1. Fix existing MbientLabs module/app connection problem.
2. Complete the Android app.
3. Write the iPhone app.
C: ? Some combination of A and B.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Amphenol Advanced Sensors 1 Noise (EMI) immune NTC thermistor ... develop an NTC thermistor that is immune to EMI per GMW3097 / ISO11452-4. Wheeler, Timothy 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

- Development of working concept validation samples
- Documented design validation level details (drawings, bill of materials, recommended manufacturing processes/equipment)
- Estimated BOM and manufacturing costs
- Samples/pictures of a current generation design will be available to the project team.
- If EMC testing capabilities are not available at PSU, then the sponsor likely can assist with testing of prototypes.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Amphenol Advanced Sensors 2 Next generation EV/HEV battery temperature sensor ... a sensor to measure temperature of the battery cells of a battery pack for an EV/HEV vehicle. Knecht, Sean 0 0 0 0 3 3 0 0 2 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

- Development of working concept validation samples
- Documented design validation level details (drawings, bill of materials, recommended manufacturing processes/equipment)
- Estimated BOM and manufacturing costs
- A current generation sensor is available, which can be provided to the team as a reference ... the goal of this project is to come up with the next generation design ... and possibly leverage the expertise from within the Penn State Battery Energy Storage Technology Center, either as a team member or as a reference to the student team on this project.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Aptiv Process to separate precious metal scrap by-products generated from stamping of automotive electrical contacts Cannon, Dave 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Automotive electrical contacts (terminals) are manufactured by stamping copper alloy strips that have been coated or plated with various elements to improve the electrical contact resistance. These elements include tin, copper, and nickel for most applications but also include precious metals such as gold, silver, and palladium for applications that need higher performance or higher reliability. During the stamping process blanked out pieces of metal are generated that become a scrap byproduct of producing the terminals. This material is referred to as offal and is sold for reclaim value. Due to the nature of the material and of the geometry of the terminals, the offal material is a mixture of various pieces metal of different sizes and shapes and of different metal content. In the case of precious metal material it is usually the case that some of the offal pieces contain precious metal and some of them do not. Aptiv is interested in finding a process that would further segregate these pieces of offal between precious metal and non-precious metal for the purpose of improving the reclaim value and revenue received from selling the material.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
B. Braun Medical Inc Usability Study - Luers for Home Healthcare Purdum, Charlie 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

PROBLEM
Luers are widely used in healthcare settings by trained professionals. But as more medical treatments are moving into the home healthcare setting with caregivers that are not professionally trained, or minimally trained, it is important that they are able to successfully connect luer pairs. Also, what luer connector design features work better in home healthcare?

PROJECT
Create and execute a usability study to determine if users with various levels of training, physical ability, and cognitive ability can successfully connect luer pairs. Also determine if certain luer designs improve the user’s ability to make connections.

PROJECT REQUIREMENTS
1) Understanding of the project goals.
2) Understanding of a usability study.
3) Ability to manage a usability study.
4) Recruitment of users with different abilities.
5) Ability to define and measure success.
6) Analysis of test data.

CONSIDERATIONS
• Patient safety
• Aseptic technique
• Intuitiveness
• Ease of use

REFERENCES
• TBD

DELIVERABLES:
• Written usability study protocol.
• Execution of approved protocol.
• Findings and recommendations with supporting data.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Bechtel Plant Machinery, Inc. Personal Electronic Device Climate Controlled Container Erdman, Mike 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

This project is to design and build container that maintains climate for electronic devices to prevent overheating and excessive cooling.

Goals:
1) Product will combine monitoring, control systems, power sources and user feedback capabilities in one design.
2) Verify the container functionality through analysis and testing
3) Professional communications with customer and interpretation of detailed requirements.
4) Hands-on experience constructing and testing prototype.
5) Electrical and Mechanical Engineer tasks.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Bechtel Power Corporation Design of an Industrial Battery Energy Storage System With an Energy Management System for Industrial Mini- or Micro-Grids Eser, Semih 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Bechtel is one of world’s oldest and largest Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) companies. In addition to being the contractor of choice for a wide variety of power generation facilities for more than 60 years, Bechtel has led the emerging power generation technology markets. Bechtel has designed and constructed more than 150 nuclear power plants and close to 500 renewable, solar, fossil, and combined cycle power plants worldwide. Bechtel has also constructed many electricity transmission lines worldwide.

The raison d’etre of an emerging technology is to build a better “mousetrap”. Today, the proverbial mousetrap in power supplies is a clean, sustainable, and secure base-load electricity generation technology, which requires an economical and reliable energy storage system to stabilize the fluctuating (peaking and bottoming) of various power supply sources. This need is further amplified when the power supply system is islanded in an industrial mini- or micro-grid system.

This proposed project is to evaluate various existing larger-capacity battery energy storage systems, review available energy management systems, and design an industrial mini-/micro-grid battery energy storage system with an energy management program. The project team will perform the following tasks:

1. Survey and identify available larger-capacity energy storage systems.

2. Survey and identify available energy management systems.

3. Design a battery energy storage system for industrial mini-/micro-grid use.

4. Design an Energy Management System with following specific characteristics:

a. Dynamic Energy Response System “trigger” signal (voltage drop, frequency drop, other condition observation).

b. Necessary control algorithm, interfaces, equipment and infrastructure.

c. Expected performance.

The 2018 Spring project will culminate in a 3D CAD drawing and 3D print out of the Energy Storage System. The use of 3-D printing to illustrate the refined design would be the climax of this project.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Ben Shima Group MTB T-bar Tow Rose, Damian 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

With the continued increase in popularity of lift-accessed mountain biking, especially for gravity riders, companies are looking for cheaper and easier ways to get mountain bikes to the top of hills in the warmer months. There are many small ski hills that have either gone out of business or are no longer using their t-bar lifts, leaving a market for free (you pay to take it) t-bars.
This projects seeks to design an attachment to existing t-bar lifts that can carry a wide variety of bikes up a hill while the rider is on the bike. The attachment must allow for a safety release and must allow for easy on/off without stopping the lift.
Design for this has already produced two solution classes. This team will detail and select from these classes, work out a retraction mechanism, and figure out manufacturing. All work must be prototyped and tested. The sponsor requests that at least one student is familiar with DH MTB racing. Results from this project will be put into use at a resort in Michigan and then manufactured for sale to other resorts.
Supporting materials will be given to the team once they are selected. This is a project for smart, ready to work engineers who want to see their results used by a client in under 12 months and used around the world soon thereafter.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Booz Allen Hamilton Defending Against Fake News Kumara, Soundar 0 0 0 2 3 0 0 1 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Description:
Develop and extend an enterprise platform that monitors, detects, and scores fake news for users while browsing the internet. This information could be expressed as metrics to the user, using a variety of algorithms, and flag articles which are likely to contain misdirecting information.
Benefit:
Fake News has always been an issue in our society, from hoaxes, to flat out falsities. With our society consuming more media, and a majority of people turning towards the internet to get information, the spread of fake news has exploded. Therefore, we see a major benefit in finding a way to combat fake news, which is also a top priority for many social media networks.
Task:
Continuation of a current project, or restarting with a different approach. Create an extensible framework with multiple scoring algorithms, but also that allows users to see how it was scored and the details behind each metric. Ideally, the system would permit multiple plugins to produce an aggregate score of a webpage, using things like machine learning, natural language processing, and custom algorithms implementing the latest research to rank websites and display the ranking in a clear, easy to understand manner. This system could then store information or plugin repo for future reference to cross check validity of websites, with Chrome and/or Firefox extensions resting on top of the platform as the main interface.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Bridge Gap Engineering, LLC Integrated Material Cooling and Waste Heat Recovery Eser, Semih 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

In a mineral processing system the kiln is utilized to chemically transform raw materials to new materials. The output of the kiln has material at high temperature which is then cooled utilizing a material cooler. The typical medium for heat exchange is air which supports the process by providing preheated combustion air. In most of these cooling processes more air is used for cooling than can be used for combustion resulting in an excess air which becomes an emission point. The heat in the excess air is then wasted to atmosphere. The project is to develop a heat exchange calculation to predict water temperature and cooling efficiency a multi stage cooling system which utilizes air to support combustion and a different medium (e.g. water, glycol, etc.) to cool the material to the required discharge temperature. In addition, a comparison of the effectiveness of the new cooler versus existing technology is to be generated. The medium used in the cooling will have a heat gain which is intended to be utilized in a waste heat recovery system to generate electricity.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Carlisle Construction Materials LLC Development of advanced sensing device for construction manufacturing Knecht, Sean 0 0 3 3 3 1 0 0 2 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Company Background:
Carlisle Construction Materials LLC (CCM) is a diversified manufacturer and supplier of premium building products and related technologies for the commercial and residential construction markets. Carlisle has been a recognized leader in the roofing industry for nearly half a century, offering high-performance single-ply roofing solutions that include EPDM, TPO, PVC and roof garden systems. CCM is a $2 billion division of Carlisle Companies (NYSE:CSL). It employs over 2,400 people and operates 26 plants in North America and 5 in Europe.

Project Purpose:
With recent advances in technology, CCM is seeking to advance some of the processes and tools we use. The specific technologies under consideration for this initiative involve advanced imaging and sensing applications that will scan the construction materials we make to enhance quality assurance. When the learning factory group is formed specific information about which process needs to be advanced will be provided.

Outcome:
The expected outcome of this endeavor will be an advanced prototype with design plans allowing for easy duplication of the sensing/imaging tool. An added aspect to the prototype would also be a mobile application that tracked the information gathered using the tool.


Support Provided by CCM
Throughout the entire process CCM will provide the participating students with opportunities to see our manufacturing facilities and processes. This access should provide a better view of how we would like the proposed tool to function. The division headquarters for CCM is located 80 miles Southeast of State College. The close proximity will provide a unique collaboration opportunity.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Corning Incorporated Viable and sustainable solutions for waste scrap cable reuse or recycling Kimel, Allen 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

One of Corning’s businesses (Corning Optical Communications - COC) manufactures cable and cable components for use in communications systems. Cable may vary in size (copper), coatings (plastics/polymers) and sheathing (metal or non-metal). During production “runs” or transfer of one type of cable to another, “waste” cable is generated. Corning maintains cable operations facilities globally, but primary facilities for waste generation are located in North Carolina, Texas, Mexico and Poland.

Currently, options for scrap cable recycling have been limited. Corning currently conducts “sizing” of scrap cable for landfilling purposes (shredding to reduce volume). Costs for landfilling scrap cable varies from location to location, but an example “all-in” landfill cost is $275/ton = 12.5 cents/pound (for North Carolina). In 2016, the North Carolina facility shipped approximately 900 Metric Tons of scrap cable for landfilling.

Corning would be interested in “environmentally sound” viable sustainable solutions for waste scrap cable reuse or recycling, in lieu of landfilling. Options include but are not limited to: waste to energy; waste reduction; incineration; recycle or reuse. Preference would be for “in-country” alternatives compared to intra-country shipment of waste materials. Options need to consider overall cost (processing and transportation), proximity (for transportation pricing), technology availability, energy “credits” (if any).

Cable samples and product data sheets can be made available upon request. All information is considered Corning Confidential, and options considered will be the sole ownership of Corning Incorporated.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Curtiss-Wright 1 RF System on Module (RFSoC) development environment and performance analysis Bilen, Len 0 0 1 0 2 3 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Research the availability and utility of Radio Frequency System on Module (RFSoC) development tools and overall performance of RFSoC components.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Curtiss-Wright 2 Deep Learning for Cognitive Electronic Warfare Shaffer, Steven 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

We are interested in applying Deep Learning technologies and methodologies for cognitive Electronic Warfare defensive applications.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Curtiss-Wright 3 Solenoid Electromagetic Force Modeling and Testing Wheeler, Timothy 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: NO

Project overview: The purpose of this project is to create analytical models to predict electromagnetic pull force from solenoids. Curtiss-Wright, Target Rock division in E. Farmingdale, NY is a manufacturer of severe service valves. Solenoids are commonly used on valves to open and close the obturator. There is a need to be able to determine the electromagnetic force generated by various solenoid sizes via analytical methods to more accurately predict the behavior in the initial design phase. This will lead to a reduction in the design iteration cycle time for the product. Currently, rudimentary calculations are performed, then physical tests are used to verify the solenoid performance, which can be lengthy. By creating an analytical model that is validated by physical testing, designs can be vetted prior to fabrication.

Project Deliverables:
1.) Identify resources/references related to Solenoid design, and electromagnetic calculations/modeling.
2.) Create an analytical model based on aforementioned resources/references to predict electromagnetic pull force from a solenoid design provided by Curtiss-Wright
3.) Prepare a test procedure in order to collect test data for the solenoid provided by Curtiss-Wright
4.) Perform physical electromagnetic pull force testing at Curtiss-Wright facility in E. Farmingdale, NY
5.) Prepare final summary report which includes research, discusses the analytical modeling, testing, results, and future recommendations.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Curtiss-Wright 4 Friction Stir Welding Kimel, Allen 0 0 3 0 3 0 3 0 1 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Curtiss Wright -Target Rock is a manufacturer of Valves for Nuclear applications. Many of the valves are exposed to high temperature high pressure liquid and/or steam with testing acceptance criteria of 0cc leakage across the seating surface with a >30year life expectancy.

The fusion of the high nickel base metal (valve body) and the hard surfaced material (Valve Seat &Disc) is governed by a specification which details the acceptance criteria of not only the procedure to deposit the material but the performance of the person and / or operator which is conducting the welding. With aging and diminishing skills tradesmen sound welding is becoming less tangible.

In the era of automation Curtiss Wright - Target Rock would like to understand the feasibility of friction stir welding Stellite 6 (CoCr) to the base material Inconel (NiCrFe) with final welded surfaces acceptable to specification requirements in certain component geometries.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Discovery Space Musical Barrel Lewis, Alfred 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Discovery Space is a hands-on science center located on Atherton Street in State College. The mission is to spark creativity, curiosity and imagination through interactive science exhibits and programs.

The center is looking for a new musical exhibit (please see picture attached). The exhibit would include a number of different sets of xylophone-like additions to a large barrel. There is some flexibility in the design, but each set of attachments must be tuned.

The exhibit ideally could be used indoors or out and would be built on locking castors. It must be tested with visitors before being considered final. The final deliverable date should be 2 weeks prior to the semester ending to allow time for necessary alterations to the exhibit after it has had a full week on the exhibit floor.

To learn more about the organization, see our website: MyDiscoverySpace.org
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Elkay Wood Products Company 1 Collapsible Carts for Cabinetry Doors - Team 1 Purdum, Charlie 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Design a slotted shipping cart for Solid Wood Cabinet Doors (must hold 120 Doors). Cart must be collapsible to reduce cost of returning empty carts.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Elkay Wood Products Company 2 Collapsible Carts for Cabinetry Doors - Team 2 Purdum, Charlie 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Design a slotted shipping cart for Solid Wood Cabinet Doors (must hold 120 Doors). Cart must be collapsible to reduce cost of returning empty carts.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Essity North America Inc. The Pocket Tissue Challenge Yao, Tao 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 3 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

The most common packaging for pocket tissue packs is a plastic bag containing between 7 and 10 tissues per pack with different folding.

All packages are similar no matter what brand you buy. The main issue for the consumer is the thickness of the pack especially when you put the tissue pack in your (trouser) pocket.

How can we change the folding and/or the packaging to solve this thickness issue?
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Faurecia Clean Mobility Ammonia Scrubber for Emissions Measurement Bench Protection Knecht, Sean 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

An ammonia scrubber is needed for the protection of the NOx analyzer when used to measure Diesel engine emissions in a selective catalyst reduction (SCR) after treatment system. The emissions bench manufacturer offers an ammonia scrubber with a phosphoric acid washed microfiber filter, but performance is marginal & the scrubber needs replaced as often as every eight hours. This leads to high filter costs. Another filter manufacture offers a cost reduced scrubber acid washed microfiber filter that is compatible with the emissions bench manufacturer’s filter assembly. This filter/scrubber has lower performance than the emissions bench manufacturer’s filter/scrubber. A third manufacture offers an ammonia scrubber that contains replaceable phosphoric acid treated ceramic media & its performance is not much improved when compared to the emissions bench manufacturer’s scrubber. A successful Spring 2018 project would be an improved performance ammonia scrubber when compared to what has been evaluated. The above methods may be improved or a new design may be prototyped & evaluated. Performance is measured as ability to prevent ammonia scrubber slip as aged & have minimal impact on THC, CO, CO2, O2, & NOx emissions gas concentration measurement.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
FedEx Services Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) Location Service Kumara, Soundar 0 0 3 2 0 3 0 1 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

FedEx would like to sponsor a group of students to continue the work of a team from last semester. The goal of the project is to use Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacons to provide precise location of Android based wearable scanning devices within a facility. The team will take over the code created last semester and complete the final connection of the scanning device to the BLE beacon. The Beacon will be an Aurba device used last semester or a WiFi access point with a built in BLE beacon. The team will need to decide which option is best. Once the location service is complete, the team will develop a service that FedEx production applications can call for location specific information that can be passed to the user. For example if the user is performing a scanning operation checking for miss-loaded packages the location service will provide the user with which dock door they are at and what the trailer number is at that dock door.
To help the team understand the business problem being solved they will need to travel to a local FedEx hub for a tour and operations overview. If the team progress a stretch goal will be made for the team to test their solution at local FedEx facility.

Link to git respostiory will be given to team immediately.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
FirstEnergy Personal protection equipment (rubber gloves) used in electric industry Kimel, Allen 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

For line workers of electrical utility companies, personal protection equipment is of the utmost
importance. Voltages of up to 17,000 V are seen in practice, and without proper safety
equipment and procedures, these conditions can be potentially fatal. FirstEnergy currently uses
an Electriflex glove, which is effective at shielding workers from these hazards.
The glove is not customized to fit individual workers. The current glove is bulky, can be hot and uncomfortable. These undesirable qualities can reduce job performance and induce negligence in following mandated protocol to wear these gloves. By improving the quality of these gloves, FirstEnergy could further improve our safety culture.
Objectives of this project:
1. investigate a method to 3-d image hands/arms to customize a glove
2. identify method to convert the 3-d image into a usable mold that can be used in current glove making process.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Flowserve Corporation Evaluation of composite materials in high pressure cyclic loading conditions Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 2 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

The project will consist of a theoretical analysis and evaluation of composite materials undergoing cyclic loading in a high pressure environment to determine their feasibility and performance in fatigue. The project team will also design, build, and conduct experiments in a test rig to validate the theoretical analysis.
The analysis and testing will be done on a cylindrical shaped tube with a metallic shell covered by a variety of composite materials. The thickness of the shell and the type of composite will be variables determined by the project team to optimize strength and weight reduction.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Ford Motor Company Ergonomic and adjustable seat cushion bolster design challenge Lewis, Alfred 3 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 3 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Ford Motor Company's Core Comfort group is challenging Pennsylvania State students to design an automotive seat cushion bolster that can accommodate an ergonomic ingress and egress as well as have adjustments to create a variable seat cushion insert width. Deliverables will be cost, design for manufacturing, and function to objective. We look forward to working with the team to design this new bolster that has future production possibilities!
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
General Motors 1 Remote Vendor Runoff Support Tool Shaffer, Steven 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Description:
Develop an IT software tool with a user interface to support video footage preview correlated with time-stamped events from a machine event log file

Benefit:
-Support Remote Machine validation at Vendor locations, saving travel costs
-Support advanced troubleshooting on machines leveraging video footage and corresponding logged events

Deliverable:
Develop the following functionality:
-User interface for viewing and navigating multiple video recordings corresponding to specific time-stamped events, logged from a data validation tool
-Enable playing a preset amount of footage before and after the selected event
-Enable easy navigation between events
-From raw-video footage, enable generation of video footage which only encompasses selected events, thus enabling compact video storage
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
General Motors 2 Wall Thickness Quality Loss Function—Part 2 Grinding Ray, Asok 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Quality loss function for impact of wall thickness post-grinding to avoid “bulging” of sealing surfaces

Description:
The presence of a sub-surface ‘hole’ below the oil seal surface can result in a local surface anomaly. Sufficience wall thickness is needed to avoid this complication.

Benefit:
Improve oil seal roundness
Allow mass reduction loss function to be utilized to minimize wall thickness

Deliverable:
For grinding over an existing subsurface hole, the wall thickness needed to avoid a change in the measured ground surface roundness.

Oil seal surface diameter must remain round to 10 microns. As the wall thickness is decreased, eventually the seal surface will begin to respond to the presence of the sub-surface holes. What is the relationship between change in surface roundness as a function of the wall thickness when parts are ground after the creation of the holes?

Material Needed:
Steel and nodular cast iron coupons created from crankshafts
Re-use the test parts created for Phase 1 (2017)

Equipment:
Equipment to grind the OD surface of the oil seal
Measuring equipment such as indicator, ideally a small cylindrical CMM
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Hazleton Casting Company Process Sand Return System Ray, Asok 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

During the regular operation of a 3D sand printing machine, sand collects in overflow bins located below a build table for the 3D sand printing machine. This overflow sand needs to be returned to the system sand supply hopper. A system needs to be designed to move the overflow sand from the collection bins to the system hopper. All equipment required by the design will need to be specified and ordered and tested. An operating sand return system delivered and ready to install.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
High Steel Structures LLC Companion Plate Preparation & Process Control Purdum, Charlie 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 3 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Capstone Project: Companion Plate Preparation & Process Control

Student Team make-up:
Mat. Sci., ME, IE students

Overview
• High Steel Structures takes pride in our reputation for producing bridge steel which is consistently superior in quality and fit. Proper project coordination and efficient delivery of the structural steel to bridge project is a key factor in its ultimate success. This is what gives High Steel the leading edge.
• This scope of this project is our grit blasting and metalizing process located in our Williamsport facility. Metalizing is a coating process that effectively increases the life of bridges.
• The objective of this project is to develop a reliable process for the use of companion plates in our metalizing process The companion plate process will eliminate the need for destructive testing (pull tests) on our product.
• Metalizing is a process that uses an electric arc spray gun to apply a thermal spray of molten zinc or zinc/aluminum alloy to steel members, providing a protective coating that resists corrosion.

Deliverables & Design Elements:
• Fixture to orient and conveyor the companion plates efficiently and cost-effectively through the blasting, metalizing and testing process. The fixture design should include both the current manual blast, metalizing and transportation, as well as the future automated processes in the functional design. The fixture should also replicate the product orientation and facilitate a process to remain in control to ensure ongoing HSS and state DOT spec compliance. The fixture should incorporate and demonstrate the use of ergonomics, safety, reduced waste, and SMED techniques in the design.
• Documented Standard Work for Blasting, Metalizing and Pull Testing processes that have the necessary controls in place to deliver tight correlation between the product pull tests and companion plate pull tests.
• Statistical Data analysis of the profile and pull test data from both the companion plates and the product that supports that the process is repeatable and remains in control.
• Identification of key process control variables and development of the auditing standards that will ensure the companion plate process remains in control without question.
• Cost analysis that documents the savings that the companion plate process delivers.
• Design drawings, supporting calculations and specifications of the fixture

Support
• The Capstone Team will be provided with the supporting work developed by the teams in IE 434 Fall 2017 Semester.
• High Steel Structures will perform tests and samples to support the project research. We request that at least 2 weeks are allowed for the turnaround of requests.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Highwood USA LLC 1 Decorating Synthetic Wood with Ink Jet Printing Using UV Curable Inks Cannon, Dave 0 0 2 3 0 3 0 1 3 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Synthetic wood products are used in applications where both good aesthetics and outdoor durability/weatherability are required. Aesthetics are applied via lamination or heat-transfer of printed films. This project will develop a technique to directly print on synthetic wood products, during the extrusion production process.

The goal is to design and build/integrate a wide format (~100mm) ink jet head capable of applying UV-curable inks. The ink jet head will not raster. Rather, the printing speed must match an encoder signal from the extrusion process. Further, the start of a printing cycle must immediately follow the completion of a previous cycle, creating an [essentially] unbroken printed pattern on the profile surface.

The ink jet head will minimally print black ink. However, multiple color printing is desired, whether via one head or through integration of multiple heads.

The deliverable for this project is a working prototype print head.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Highwood USA LLC 2 Measurement of Backyard Items from Any Photo Erdman, Mike 0 0 2 3 3 0 1 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Background: Certain commercial systems exist for accurate measurement of building projects. For example, templating of countertops using a fixed focal length camera and markers of known dimensions.

Project: This project will develop a method of measuring any object--with emphasis on backyard areas (pools, patios, sheds)--using any camera (typically the consumer's cell phone camera) and readily-available known objects (e.g., quarters, dollar bills, other commonly available objects of known dimensions). The method should be independent of camera focal length and must determine dimensions of the target objects within 1/4" accuracy (linear dimensions). Radius of curvature and angles must also be derived from the photos. The method will take consumer-supplied photos and analyze them to determine dimensions.

Deliverable: Software capable of calculating the dimensions. Preferably, this information will be in a format that can be imported in CAD software.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Hot Earth Collaborative LLC Support for the new Pennsylvania Solar Center Eser, Semih 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 3 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Background: The Pennsylvania Solar Center (PSC) is a new project under development from the Hot Earth Collaborative LLC and soon will be under the non-profit fiscal agency of New Sun Rising. The Pennsylvania Solar Center will serve as a statewide solar resource center initially serving southwestern Pennsylvania with a mission of providing the community with unbiased information, consulting services, and support for solar energy development and technologies including technical assistance, education, marketing, fundraising, legal advice and policy development.

PSC will act as a broker for potential solar owners, investors/funding opportunities and solar developers with a focus on supporting efforts of tax-exempt entities (non-profit organizations, schools, municipalities, etc.) and small businesses to go solar by offering technical assistance and guidance throughout the solar procurement process. PSC will also: 1) provide general online educational materials to the public about solar energy information as well as to municipalities for zoning and permitting best practices, 2) create and maintain a voluntary statewide registry of solar owners, 3) create and maintain a registry of qualified solar installation companies, and 4) advise and advocate for solar-friendly state and local public policy. Future goals include creating a carbon offset and alternative solar credit market to help fund local solar projects, facilitating workforce development and providing solar training.


Objectives: A former Penn State energy engineering student created a WordPress website for the Pennsylvania Solar Center in 2017. Hot Earth Collaborative LLC would like a student group to develop the online registries for the solar owners (residential, commercial, tax-exempt) and for the solar installation companies to embed into that website as well as the online intake form for organizational technical assistance. The student group would be required to assist in creating the platforms to be embedded into the website that will code, process, and filter the registry information so that it could be utilized and displayed in a user-friendly manner. The registries would ideally be searchable and results displayed via list or map form. For the solar owner registry, students will be expected to provide some additional online research (this project has been started) of large solar installations in Pennsylvania to populate the solar owner registry.

The students will be expected to embed the registries into the existing website and demonstrate the functionality of the registries and the intake form to the Pennsylvania Solar Assistance advisory council. If the project is successful, students’ names will be displayed in the credits on the website.

Deliverables: Functional online solar owner and solar installation company registries and an intake form embedded into the Pennsylvania Solar Center website and a demonstration of the functionality to the Center’s advisory council.

Expectation of Team: Team members are expected to be self-starters with strong communication skills. Team members may be from any engineering discipline, but suggested team members are those with an energy and computer engineering focus.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Hyundai America Technical Center, Inc. “Accurate Determination of Force Exerted on a Chain or Cable System Under Varying Load Through Application of Strain Gage Measurement” Ray, Asok 0 0 0 0 2 3 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

In this project, the team will investigate a method for accurately determining the force exerted on chain or cable system which experiences a varying load. One simple, cost effective way of measuring a load or strain on such a system would be a strain gage. The team in this project will be responsible for designing the test system, measurement system and experiment in order to meet the objectives of the project. The team should determine and acquire the appropriate strain gage measurement device, supporting elements, and measuring equipment. The team will need to integrate the measuring device into the system in order to measure the strain/load. The team will need to design the experiment such that a varying load (input) can be applied to the system, the strain/load (output) data can be measured and recorded. Furthermore, the team will be responsible for correlating the inputs/outputs in order to determine the proper formula(s) or correction factor(s) to accurately represent the force exerted on the system under various loads.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
John Crane Inc. 1 Anisotropic 3D shapes from flat sheets of material Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Description:

Utilizing various 2D processes (cutting, folding, creasing, etc.) material in flat sheets can be transformed into complex 3D shapes that possess mechanical properties (i.e. modulus of elasticity) that change with direction and magnitude of the stress. The objective of this project is to design and fabricate an enhanced gasket seal (i.e. grafoil sheets) that employs 2D processes to provide static/dynamic sealing capabilities. The team is expected to design several configurations and quantify the performance improvement for the selected design via analytical calculations, simulations or experiments. In addition, drawings and prototypes will be needed to facilitate the knowledge transfer.

John Crane is a global leader in providing mission-critical technologies and services to process industries. We deliver innovative solutions that improve process and equipment reliability though relentless focus on quality, a passion for service and uncompromising commitment to our people, safety, the environment and ethical business practices. Our solutions — ranging from mechanical seals, filtration systems, and bearings to couplings — are backed by the largest global service network in the industry.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
John Crane Inc. 2 Reducing methane emissions from reciprocating compressors Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Description:

Reciprocating compressors in the natural gas industry leak natural gas during normal operation. Areas of high leakage include flanges, valves, and fittings located on compressors. The highest volume of gas loss, however, is associated with piston rod packing systems. Packing systems are used to maintain a tight seal around the piston rod, preventing the gas compressed to high pressure in the compressor cylinder from leaking, while allowing the rod to move freely. The figure attached shows a typical compressor rod packing system. There are more than 50,000 reciprocating compressors operating in the U.S. natural gas industry, each with an average of four cylinders, representing over 200,000 piston rod packing systems in service. These systems contribute over 72.4 Bcf per year of methane emissions to the atmosphere. Methane is 20 times more potent as a greenhouse gas that carbon dioxide.

The objective if this project is to explore different sealing technologies to replace packing systems to significantly reduce the amount of methane released into the environment. The team is expected to quantify the improvement for the selected design/technology via analytical calculations, simulations or experiments. In addition, building a prototype will be helpful to demonstrate the design/technology.

John Crane is a global leader in providing mission-critical technologies and services to process industries. We deliver innovative solutions that improve process and equipment reliability though relentless focus on quality, a passion for service and uncompromising commitment to our people, safety, the environment and ethical business practices. Our solutions — ranging from mechanical seals, filtration systems, and bearings to couplings — are backed by the largest global service network in the industry.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
John Deere Turf Operator Presence and Steer Control Design for Walk-Behind Mower Wheeler, Timothy 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 3 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Background
Operator presence and steer control on a walk-behind mower today is performed by four mechanically operated levers. Two levers have to be squeezed against a stationary handle as they detect operator presence and the other two levers, one on each side, are pulled up towards the stationary handle to dictate the steering and speed of the machine.

Project Objective
The goal of this project is simplify the operator presence and steer/speed control task by eliminating the four mechanical levers and utilizing electrically controlled sensors that could be integrated into a handle bar. It may be possible to use resonant sensors to achieve this objective but that is only one idea on how this goal can be met.

Deliverables
System calculations, schematics, design, and installation drawings. Installation drawings shall include any relevant assembly instructions and a parts list of commercially and custom designed available parts to create a working prototype. Custom parts shall be fully detailed in drawings meeting ANSIY14.5 drawing standards.

Bill of materials with part numbers and cost estimates.

Working physical demonstration prototype.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Johnson Control (Legacy Tyco International) Water flow indicator simulation and design - GLOBAL PROJECT WITH SJTU Rose, Damian 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

The project scope is to design one robust water flow indicator, provide simulation result on material selection, tolerance analysis, performance...etc. need build prototype to verify the design and provide final report.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
KERN-LIEBERS(Taicang)Co.,Ltd. 1 Power Liftgate Spring Kinematic Calculation & Dynamic Simulation - GLOBAL PROJECT WITH SJTU VonLockette, Paris 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Input the boundary parameters of power liftgate spring surrounding parts.Through a kind of calculation software to get the kinematic data.With spring 3D model and moving parameters of surrounding parts to get the stress distribution of spring each coil.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
KERN-LIEBERS(Taicang)Co.,Ltd. 2 Industry 4.0 Optimization for striker machine - GLOBAL PROJECT WITH SJTU VonLockette, Paris 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 2 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The project aims to achieve the automatic information transfer between the machine and management area. The screen monitoring will display basic production data and the system will make analysis for different stations.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
KERN-LIEBERS(Taicang)Co.,Ltd. 3 Automatic Failure Detection & Sorting for Flanges - GLOBAL PROJECT WITH SJTU Neal, Gary 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The project aims to achieve the automatic failure detection & sorting for flanges based on vision engineering and mechanotronics.
1.Deduce labor costs and increase productivity;
2.Ensure the stability of product quality;
3.Optimize the production line to achieve lean production.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
KERN-LIEBERS(Taicang)Co.,Ltd. 4 Quickly to remove oil from wire's surface - GLOBAL PROJECT WITH SJTU Neal, Gary 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Description:
1.Dip spring into liquid;
2.Rest oil on spring surface can be absord within 10-60 minutes (can be discussed), and not damage oxygen layer;
3.After take out the part, the surface can be dry within 10-60 minutes(can be discussed);
4.Anti-rust liquid can be filled;
5.Meet ROHS, no harmful for operator and environment;
6.Low cost and fast.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
KERN-LIEBERS(Taicang)Co.,Ltd. 5 Analysis and optimization of riveting structure of spring group and stamping plate - GLOBAL PROJECT WITH SJTU VonLockette, Paris 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

1.Through the simulation analysis of existing riveting structure, the stress and the deformation.
2.Through the analysis of simulation results, to optimize the existing stamping shape and riveting structure.Effectively improving the fastness and reliability of riveting.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
KERN-LIEBERS(Taicang)Co.,Ltd. 6 FEM for Seat-bending balancer unit - GLOBAL PROJECT WITH SJTU VonLockette, Paris 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

FEM for existing designs of Seat-bending balancer unit
Analyze FEM results and optimize designs
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Lockheed Martin 1 Real-Time Modeling of Aerodynamic Moments on Rotary Actuators at Mach Speeds Knecht, Sean 0 0 3 0 3 2 0 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

The goal of this project is to research, design, and fabricate a test fixture that can accurately model the torque created by the atmosphere on the control system of a gravity released munition. With the advancement of munitions guidance algorithms, there is a growing need for simulation/test environments to model the control systems with extreme precision. When munitions are released at speeds near-to, or exceeding Mach one, the aerodynamic drag forces on an actuation surface can cause the actuation system to perform significantly different than at rest. Engineers on this project must perform research and CFD analysis on the related aerodynamics of the system. It is expected the students will understand all contributing factors, including speed, altitude, temperature, humidity, etc. after this project concludes. Engineering students will design and fabricate a test fixture that will supply precisely modeled rotational forces in a real-time test bench. The test fixture will accept control parameters from the weapon’s software simulation, and report both performance and feedback via an electronic interface governed by a microcontroller. The students will define their embedded communications protocol and message structure in an interface control document (ICD). The device should contain power electronics including AC to DC voltage conversion and voltage regulation to allow it to be directly plugged into a standard 120V wall socket. The final design will be accurate, robust, maintainable and cost effective. Once the design is prototyped and proven as a viable solution, the engineering students can have an opportunity to help integrate their design into Lockheed Martin’s Hardware in the Loop (HWIL) simulation lab.


Team composition – 2 Mechanical Eng., 1-2 Electrical Eng., 1 computer Eng. (potential for Aerospace Eng. If available)
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Lockheed Martin 2 Machine Learning for Anomaly Detection Shaffer, Steven 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Lockheed Martin wishes to explore the use of machine learning for anomaly detection. Specific focus is on detecting anomalous activity on an application display that contains expected movement or change. This is a proof-of-concept activity to determine feasibility of applying machine learning technology for this type of situation. The project team will employ off-the-shelf machine learning software to detect anomalies on an application display such as a flight simulator or weather map. Experimentation may include narrowing or expanding the area of interest and varying the obviousness or subtlety of the anomaly. The team will be responsible for demonstrating this detection of anomalies, and delivering a report analyzing the performance of the machine learning software under the varied situations.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Lycoming Engines Accessory Bracket Design and Analysis Lewis, Alfred 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Lycoming Engines manufactures air-cooled piston engines for general aviation aircraft, ranging from 4 to 400 horsepower. Many of the current legacy engine models use belt driven accessories, such as compressors and alternators, mounted on the front of the crankcase by various bracketry. Lycoming is seeking to analyze and improve the design of current front-end accessory brackets. Current bracket designs may be overengineered making them heavy and bulky. A new and novel design may be able to eliminate material or repackage bracket configurations to reduce total weight. Creative improvements such as material changes and alternative manufacturing methods can also be assessed.
The team will first create a detailed analysis of the current component design as preliminary baseline for comparison. Based on the preliminary analysis, students will make design changes to reduce total component weight without sacrificing strength, reliability, or safety factor. To aide in the design process, students are expected to use a finite element analysis software package to provide a detailed stress contour. Students may be able to experimentally test the current design and the proposed redesign to compare measured strengths to analytical results. Primary deliverables will then include a detailed report and presentation to Lycoming of a new design option with analysis including component stress, cost, and manufacturability.

Requirements:

- Analysis of current accessory brackets
- Research on available materials and manufacturing techniques to compare their impacts on component strength, weight, and cost
- Analysis of the recommended bracket design
- Detailed technical report

Provided Materials/Information:

- Bracket supported component specifications (weight, hardware, belt tension)
- Available drawings and CAD models of current brackets
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Nearth Company PHOD-ADM: An At-Altitude Payload Deployment, (A)ttachment, and (D)etachment (M)echanism Lewis, Alfred 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

NOTE - the web-form did not permit me to select a secondary or more technical disciplines (grayed out); only a Primary (Mech. Engr.).
I could use a Computer Science person capable of creating concept animation (CAD-quality is desirable but not required) as a secondary discipline on the team - although preferred, is not absolutely necessary.
Same scenario for an Electrical Engineering resource.
......
Overview - this project will demonstrate autonomous at-altitude payload delivery upon a variety of column and tree types, for Nearth Co. whose teams have twice won "Best Project" LF awards.
Deliverables - Team will develop a top-loaded cinching & subsequent release device to permit a PHOD (Payload Hauler, Omni-Directional) unit to climb most types of variable-diameter shapes of columns & trees, carrying up the ADM & Payload, in order to cinch the 1-5 lb payload located on the PHOD to the column, freeing the PHOD to return to ground for additional payload deployments on other columns (up to 4 total).
Near the desired height, a trigger will arm the ADM(s) to attach the payload(s), and the Return downward motion of the PHOD will likely provide the cinching power to draw-up the ADM, and hold the payload at the desired altitude for a full mission-defined cycle.
The ADM will release from the column, most likely from a retrieval trip by the PHOD via a 'bump' or other trigger, that will cause it to lose tension with the column, and allow the PHOD to gravity-lower it and the payload, in a controlled manner to return the payload undamaged.
The team will have flexibility to decide the scale (functional small models vs. true-life mission size) and whether or not to create a computer-sim video showing the specific physical capability they've developed, within other potential uses.
The team has flexibility on payload selection, and whether to replicate additional PHOD(s) designed to work with their ADM design, or modify a sponsor-provided existing PHOD to work with it.
If selected, simplified team-developed PHODs can be either tethered or hard-wire-switch-controlled for purposes of demonstrating the attach-detach payload ability.
The sponsor will discuss ideas with the team on the feasibility of a model-size implementation.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Nicker Barker Farm, Inc. Photo Carving Bilen, Len 0 0 1 3 0 3 0 3 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

This project will engage interested students in creating art in wood (laser engraving, relief and full 3D) using a 3D router. Specifically, the team will have access to a 3D CNC Shark HD4 which will be used to create laser engraving, 3D or relief carvings in wood from photos submitted via email files as well as from Solidworks designs.
To process the photos and create a laser engraving, 3D or relief carving, the team will need to base the process on a commercially available software package such as PhotoShop to create a method to specify layers in the third dimension and appropriately smooth the carving between the layers. The resulting 3D drawing must then be converted into the appropriate instructions for the 3D CNC system.
Likewise, designs from Solidworks will need to be converted to appropriate instructions to allow for 3D CNC carvings of the designs, within the constraints of the HD4 system. Additionally, end-to-end interfaces between pieces that allow for carvings longer than the bed length will be facilitated with interlocking, hidden plugs.
Deliverables will include
1) research into existing patents and products,
2) algorithms and software needed to convert photographs and drawings to 3D HD4 router instructions,
3) detailed, step-by-step operating instructions for importing and processing photographs in PhotoShop and converting to the needed files for engraving and carving on the 3D router,
4) detailed, step-by-step operating instructions for converting Solidworks drawings to the needed files for engraving and carving on the 3D router,
5) proof-of-concept engravings and carvings from each of the two sources (PhotoShop and Solidworks) as defined by the sponsor,
6) website (using Weebley) that promotes the engravings and 3D carvings.

Desired skills:
1) Computer Science (1 to 2 students)
2) Computer Engineering (1 to 2 students)
3) Mechanical Engineering (1 to 2 students)
4) Industrial Engineering (1 student)
5) Electrical Engineering (1 student)
Desired interests:
CNC controls
Woodworking
Art
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Penn Machine Company Design of a Generic, Low Cost Noise Dampener for Transit Rail Wheels Erdman, Mike 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Overview

Everyone has heard the sound of a squealing train going by. Now imagine living next to train tracks and hearing this offensive noise on a regular basis. This is the reality for many living in urban environments across the world. But, there are methods to reduce the squeal to more tolerable levels. However, more advancement and lower costs are need for the US to more broadly adopt the technology.

Noise dampening systems are not new. Noise/vibration dampeners available today attach to the wheel of a rail vehicle and generally achieve absorption of rolling noise by up to 5 db(A), while the more unpleasant squealing noise can be reduced up to 30 db(A). The design of the dampeners vary, but may include Multi-Segment, Leaf, Plate and Ring, and Plate dampeners. Attached for images of these designs.

Today, noise dampeners are widely used in Europe where trains tend to operate in more suburban/urban environments.
There are much less examples in the US, partly due to less dense populations and simple acceptance of the noise. An additional factor for transit agencies is cost of implementation.

Problem Statement

The Penn Machine Company believes that the US market will be more acceptable and implementation will be much broader if a low cost, retrofit-able solution is available. Current noise dampeners are custom designed for every application (i.e. specific wheel design, vehicle, track, and agency), thereby achieving optimal performance. This custom design requires reoccurring engineering efforts for every situation. Also as each dampener is unique, production operations are not able to take advantage of large volume, repetitive processes. Both of these factors lead to high price and long lead times to implementation.

Project Goal

The goal of this project is to design a generic, low cost dampener that can be fitted to various wheel designs and achieve the “80%” performance solution. The design should be able to greatly reduce wheel noise over a broad range of applications, but my not be optimized specifically. The design should allow retrofit to existing wheel designs with minimal modification to the wheel itself. Alternatively if retrofit is not feasible, the design should not greatly alter the existing wheel design for a new application.

The scope of this effort is the analysis phase. Although some physical testing may occur, it is not anticipated that large scale prototypes and testing will be possible in the time frame of this project. If analysis shows feasibility, a follow-on project may be sponsored to conduct prototyping and testing.

Project Benefit

• Reoccurring engineering efforts will be greatly minimized
• Mass production techniques will be utilized
• Lead times will be greatly minimized
• Implementation costs will be greatly minimized
• The US rail operations in suburban and urban areas will be more environmentally friendly to the residents


Project Deliverables

• Project plan with specific tasks and schedule to achieve goals
• Dampener designs
• Analysis plan
• Analysis of several design to include several examples of vehicles and track conditions
• Bi-weekly progress reports
• Bi-weekly status telecom with Penn Machine
• Final Report

Events

• Project Kick-Off Meeting (location TBD)
• Visit to Penn Machine to see wheel manufacturing operations
• Preliminary design review meeting (location TBD)
• Final design review meeting (location TBD)

Applicable Standards

• AAR Manual of Standards and Recommended Practices, Section G Wheels and Axles
• AAR Manual of Standards and Recommended Practices, Section G-II Wheel and Axle Manual
• ASTM A551
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Philips Lighting Improving Production Assembly Throughput on B-Pod Manufacturing Cell Shanbhag, Uday 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Philips Lighting is looking to improve the assembly of our high runner B-Pod subassembly. We would like to consider changes on the manufacturing floor with jigs, manufacturing processes, and updated tooling. We would also be open to changing the design of the parts for an easier assembly while keeping the same aesthetics.

Our number one priority is safety, the new process would have to consider safety first. We would like to use Lean principles to eliminate waste in our current process. The team will have the freedom to look at modifying the current design to simplify assembly and reduce parts.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Philips Ultrasound Cable Assembly Continuous Electronic Monitoring Phase 2 Bilen, Len 0 0 1 2 0 3 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: NO

Description: Philips Ultrasound needs to update and improve a Cable Assembly Reliability Test system that is used in our R&D Lab. The test system is used to qualify both new ultrasound transducer cables as well as verify design changes for sustaining changes to the cable designs. The system uses a continuous monitoring of the cable assembly elements during bend and flex reliability testing. The current cable interface needs to be upgraded to be compatible with our most current cable designs.
Project: The student team will:
1. Review the circuit board and mechanical design recently implemented in Fall of 2017, as well as the control portions of the existing Windows 98-based LabView Code.
2. Modify the executable LabView Code to a Windows-XX based platform.
3. Install the required communications hardware and LabView code on a Philips-provided Laptop PC.
4. Verify control functionality of the newly installed code with the analysis electronics (scanning impedance measuring electronics), and document the resulting system.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PPK Animal Healthcare Data Integrity for Dairy Reproductive Management Purdum, Charlie 0 0 2 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Data Integrity for Dairy Reproductive Management

The Problem: An Improved method of reproductive management was developed by Penn State’s Troy Ott and Roy Hammerstedt and licensed to PPK Animal Healthcare for commercialization. Those concepts, providing an early diagnosis that a dairy cow is not pregnant and thus addressing a leading cost factor in the dairy industry, have been reduced to practice and are in final stages of commercialization.

But as often is the case, that success revealed the next limit to full financial return to the user. How can data integrity be ensured and test results reported so that each individual animal living amongst thousands in the herd be interpreted within 24 hours to allow a timely action within the strict limits of timing of reproductive biology? Biological clocks do not stop! Information is of no value unless it can be acted upon in a timely manner.

A Potential Solution: PPK Animal Healthcare in conjunction with its consultants have concluded that this new limit can be addressed through development of a “seamless” integration of (a) existing data in company data base, (b) with an orderly tracking of hundreds of blood samples collected every day, (c) that feeds into an internal laboratory data base; where (d) resultant analytical results, complex non-parametric data sets, for each animal; (e) can be analyzed using standard “threshold” analytical approaches; but (f) ultimate value can only be fully extracted after review with Bayesian statistical approaches, and (g) the conclusions from same must be reintegrated into original company data base do allow financial decisions to me made within 24 hours after the sample is taken from the animal.

To start the discussion, with final decisions to be made by the team, the solution might be divided in four parts.
1. The dairy barn needs a smart phone app to ensure the transfer and integration of information from of the ear tag (cow and farm IDs), the type of test. bar code on the sample collecting vial. This would be collected on the farm [e.g., PSU dairy] server.
2. A server/cloud integration will ensure the transfer of information from the dairy to the lab doing the analysis [e.g., PPK Animal Healthcare]
3. A lab application at PPK Animal Healthcare to enable:
a. log in of the samples as they arrive at the lab
b. generation of the pick list for analysis and test plate layout transferrable to the instrument software
c. The ACEA instrument software will be modified to automatically push the decisions on each individual cow status “open” or “pregnant” to the laboratory platform server
4. Efficient transfer of the laboratory data and conclusions to the farm server for final review and execution by the farm.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Pratt & Whitney Development of Abrasive Flow Machining for Improved Surface Finish of Additively Manufactured Airfoil Clusters Shanbhag, Uday 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Additive manufacturing (AM) offers reduced lead time and design flexibility that is a significant advantage in the development of aerospace components. However, the poor surface finish associated with as-built AM components leads to inadequate mechanical performance in the fatigue-driven environment of a jet engine. Post-processing of AM surfaces becomes increasingly difficult and costly as the part increases in complexity, and CNC machining the entire surface is often not a viable solution. In order to retain the geometric flexibility offered by AM, novel surface finish post-processes are required. Abrasive Flow Machining (AFM) uses hydraulic pressure to force abrasive media along the free surfaces of a component and remove material. The amount of material removal required for AM surface finishing is significant, and consistent removal rates must be achieved on all critical surfaces of a component. The uniformity of surface finish is highly dependent on the flow of the abrasive media. The relationship between the geometry of the component and tooling involved will therefore influence the efficacy of the post-processing.
The goal of this project will be to develop AFM tooling inserts for AM airfoil clusters. In consultation with Pratt & Whitney, students will be responsible for providing a TBD number of CAD models of AFM tooling inserts (see Fig. 1) with varying geometrical parameters. Students will have access to reference data for airfoil clusters that have not been post-processed and airfoil clusters that have been post-processed without a tooling insert. Pratt and Whitney will provide components that have been post-processed using the students’ tooling. The students will then be responsible for metallographically analyzing the surface condition of the component (defect size/distribution, roughness, surface residual stress, and near-surface microstructure). If time and resources are available the students may provide re-configured tooling for further trials. Pratt and Whitney will provide geometrical measurement of the parts to assess material removal, and guide the students in their analysis of the surface condition of the airfoils. The students will provide a final report detailing the results of post-processing and provide future work/ tooling design recommendations to Pratt & Whitney.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Precision Castparts Corp Chip Defect Elimination Yao, Tao 0 0 0 0 3 0 3 1 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

SPS Technologies, Jenkintown (A PCC Company) specializes in the design and manufacture of high strength nuts, bolts, and associated products. SPS Technologies has been developing and manufacturing critical fasteners since the early days of aviation, working closely with its customers to meet the needs of an ever changing industry. Many of the materials, designs, and manufacturing practices that have become industry standards were pioneered by SPS Technologies. SPS Technologies continues to advance the materials, designs, and manufacturing practices of aerospace fasteners today to meet the unique needs of next generation vehicles and assembly techniques.

Our operation is experiencing an issue in our tap and squeeze area where the tapping operation leaves chips inside of the nuts. This chip has to be picked out by hand and is very time consuming due to the volume of parts that run through the operation. The project would challenge students to develop an automated system to remove the chip, which would eliminate the need for touch labor. The project would require students to gather information, analyze data, research methods and technologies, and come up with a solution to implement.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
ProAct, Ltd. Improved tissue specimen handling device between the biopsy and the pathology laboratory Medina, Scott 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Biopsy specimen handling is a critical but overlooked aspect of effective biopsy and pathological analysis. In many cases it is difficult to discern if the specimen is adequate due to the current tissue handling devices. Our goal is to improve to quality of specimen handling, increase the efficiency and reduce the attending support staff required. The devices will need to be simple and low cost as they will be disposable. Ultimately, the patient outcomes should improve if better specimen handling yields better pathological analysis with fewer passes.

The team will work with Dr. David Diehl, Director, Endosonography and Center for Endoscopic Research and Training at Geisinger Health Center, Danville, Pa and Allan Darr, President ProAct Ltd. ProAct is a medical device company that graduated from the PSU incubator and became a leader in biopsy devices globally. It will be critical that the team travel to Danville for proper orientation to the issues to be overcome for this project. The team will observe actual endoscopic ultrasonic biopsies and the pathology lab processes. Interaction with Mr. Darr will be via video-conference. Some early prototypes have already been developed. The team will be divided in two to focus on the separate, but related applications.

Part 1: Needle biopsy specimens -Tissue Microsieve

This is a microseive device designed for collecting tissue specimens obtained by fine needle aspiration (FNA) and fine needle biopsy (FNB). FNB differs from fine needle aspiration (FNA) in that tissue “cores” are obtained rather than only small cell clusters or single cells. The cores allow for histological analysis rather than just the cytologic analysis which results from smears and cellblocks obtained from FNA.

Currently, biopsies are placed directly into a container containing fixative (e.g., formalin). Small needle specimens usually are brought to the cytology prep laboratory and larger needle specimens are brought to the surgical pathology laboratory. Further tissue handling is done at these sites by a lab technician. Larger pieces of tissue are manually removed from the transport container, or poured into a fine-mesh filter bag, then fixed in formalin.

This new device uses the microseive to collect the specimen before transfer to formalin. This removes one or more steps of tissue handling. In addition, it allows macroscopic visual inspection of the biopsy before transfer to fixative

This invention is a small bowl-shaped plastic part with an integrated tissue filter made from fine nylon mesh (FIGURES 1 and 2). The diameter of the device is about 4cm. This system minimizes tissue handling which can decrease specimen fragmentation. In addition, the specimen can be gently “washed” to allow removal of excess blood.

After completion of the larger device described above, a second device for smaller specimens will be developed.

A mesh “biopsy capsule” is commercially available (FIGURE 3 ) but is not expressly designed for the functionality described above. However, the geometry of the mesh “biopsy capsule” is not ideal for receiving a specimen from a biopsy needle due to very short walls, which could lead to sample loss. My invention is purpose-made for tissue handling of needle aspiration and biopsy specimens.

Deliverables: Production of 3-D printed or molded prototypes, which would undergo clinical testing. Testing the functionality of iterations of prototypes will allow optimal device design and refinements to the shape, dimensions, and features of the device.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU and Discovery Space of Central Pennsylvania Plasmas Interactive Exhibit for the Discovery Space Wheeler, Timothy 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 3 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The Discovery Space of Central Pennsylvania, located in State College, PA, provides engaging science experiences that spark creativity, curiosity and imagination. Discovery Space is an exciting growing science center of interactive exhibits and hands-on programs designed to provide valuable informal science education, especially in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM), in a fun learning environment. An exhibit on plasma, the fourth state of matter, is not currently part of the Discovery Space and there is interest from faculty at Penn State to feature such an exhibit. The project will entail understanding the requirements for exhibits at the Discovery Space and, working with faculty at Penn State, develop a concept and prototype for the exhibit (stretch goal is to get the exhibit to the point it can be actually placed at the Discovery Space). It is expected that the design team will learn about the plasma state themselves, engage with educators on what is needed to develop a successful learning exhibit, and benchmark other exhibits at other hands-on museums. Once the concept is selected, students will be responsible for advancing the exhibit concept and developing the exhibit to meet the needs of the Discovery Space.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Applied Research Laboratory (ARL) Low Rate Powder Feeder Development Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

This project will focus on improving/developing low feed rate powder feeders for the powder deposition processes. Designs will be developed to accurately and repeatedly control the feed rate of nanosize particles. Two different types of powder feeders will be analyzed for performance and one will be selected for improvement. Methods for heating the powders prior to deposition will also be explored. The results will be a prototype powder feeder.

Deliverables:
Analysis of the powder feeders
Prototype powder feeder
Final presentation/report
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Architectural Engineering 1 Hardware and Software for Multi-channel Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Control - Team 1 Bilen, Len 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Imagine how a standard wall-box dimmer works with an incandescent lamp. It has just one function. When the dimmer is pushed all the way up (or rotated clockwise) light is on at full output. When the dimmer is pushed downward (or rotated counterclockwise) light output is reduced. Simple? Yes. Exciting? No!

Now imagine how a wall-box dimmer could work with a multi-channel LED light source. For this example, consider a four-channels representing light with the colors of blue, green, amber, and red. When the dimmer is pushed all the way up, imagine red at full output and blue at partial output (yielding a purplish light). When the dimmer is pushed downward, imagine red and blue reducing in their output (perhaps at different rates), while the amber and green emission increases (again, not necessarily at the same rate). The result: a smooth color transition. Now imagine controlling that color transition through software, where the “dimming curves” for each LED channel can be defined.

Behind the scenes, the dimmer will be sending a low voltage (0 – 10 V) signal to a controller. The controller will map the magnitude of voltage to a forward current (to be supplied by an LED driver) for each LED channel. The software will allow a user to define the “dimming curves” for each LED channel and upload them onto the controller, where they may be defined in firmware as a look-up table.

A large part of this project is about integration. A standard 0 – 10 V wall-box dimmer will need to communicate with a controller, which will tell each LED driver how to control each string of LEDs. The software will allow an end-user to define the “dimming curve” for each of the LED channels.

While the concept is relatively straightforward, the challenge (and the fun!) will be in overcoming the technical challenges that are inevitable parts of any engineered solution.

About me: I am a Professor of Architectural Engineering and an expert in applied lighting. I will provide weekly guidance and will help you learn about LED lighting applications and LED product design. I am not an expert in LED driver electronics, solid-state lighting controllers, software, or the integration of hardware and software components. That’s where you come in, and that’s where we can help each other!
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Architectural Engineering 2 Hardware and Software for Multi-channel Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Control - Team 2 Wheeler, Timothy 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Imagine how a standard wall-box dimmer works with an incandescent lamp. It has just one function. When the dimmer is pushed all the way up (or rotated clockwise) light is on at full output. When the dimmer is pushed downward (or rotated counterclockwise) light output is reduced. Simple? Yes. Exciting? No!

Now imagine how a wall-box dimmer could work with a multi-channel LED light source. For this example, consider a four-channels representing light with the colors of blue, green, amber, and red. When the dimmer is pushed all the way up, imagine red at full output and blue at partial output (yielding a purplish light). When the dimmer is pushed downward, imagine red and blue reducing in their output (perhaps at different rates), while the amber and green emission increases (again, not necessarily at the same rate). The result: a smooth color transition. Now imagine controlling that color transition through software, where the “dimming curves” for each LED channel can be defined.

Behind the scenes, the dimmer will be sending a low voltage (0 – 10 V) signal to a controller. The controller will map the magnitude of voltage to a forward current (to be supplied by an LED driver) for each LED channel. The software will allow a user to define the “dimming curves” for each LED channel and upload them onto the controller, where they may be defined in firmware as a look-up table.

A large part of this project is about integration. A standard 0 – 10 V wall-box dimmer will need to communicate with a controller, which will tell each LED driver how to control each string of LEDs. The software will allow an end-user to define the “dimming curve” for each of the LED channels.

While the concept is relatively straightforward, the challenge (and the fun!) will be in overcoming the technical challenges that are inevitable parts of any engineered solution.

About me: I am a Professor of Architectural Engineering and an expert in applied lighting. I will provide weekly guidance and will help you learn about LED lighting applications and LED product design. I am not an expert in LED driver electronics, solid-state lighting controllers, software, or the integration of hardware and software components. That’s where you come in, and that’s where we can help each other!
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Architecture Ceramic Insert for Clean Cookstove Knecht, Sean 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 2 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

More than 2.7 billion people (38% of the world population) rely on traditional use of solid biomass for cooking, typically using inefficient stoves in poorly ventilated spaces (IEA, 2016). In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), more than 90% of the population relies on firewood and charcoal for cooking and heating (IEA, 2006). In addition to the environmental impact of sourcing wood at such massive scales (e.g. deforestation, desertification, etc.), burning biomass in poorly ventilated homes contributes to indoor air pollution with significant hazards to human health: 4.3 million people die annually from illnesses associated with pollutants from biomass fuel, world-wide (Lim and Vos, 2012).

In response, engineers, entrepreneurs and international development agencies have pioneered a plethora of “clean cookstove” designs over the past fifty years (including several at Penn State) and today over 160 related programs are active globally, ranging in size, scope, type of stove disseminated, approach to technology design, dissemination and financial mechanisms (Ruiz-Mercado et al, 2011). However, these solutions have not eliminated the problem within confined homes of incomplete combustion, which continues to emit portions of toxic smoke that endanger millions of lives in low- and middle-income countries.

The goal of this project is to design, develop and test a ceramic insert for the Kenyan “jiko” stove—one of the simplest clean cookstove designs on the market, which has gained wide adoption across SSA—in order to evaluate potential for adsorption of noxious emissions such as CO. Team members will have the opportunity to contribute to ongoing research at Penn State. As such, expectations are that all team members will adhere to professional standards, including consulting Writing Center tutors and Penn State Library resources to ensure proper use of citations and references, as well as working together “as a team” to resolve deliverables to the greatest extent possible.

At the outset of the project, team members in consultation with their instructor and sponsor, shall be expected to reach consensus on, submit and adhere to a project roadmap. Key considerations for team members to aim for include: roadmap that begins with a comprehensive review of current clean cookstove technology, including technical constraints and limitations with respect to combustion and fuel efficiency; a collaborative approach to design work that is iterative, with an initial proof-of-concept, first and second prototypes submitted as deliverables; weekly reports shared with sponsor to document design and development process, as well as facilitate timely feedback; and a final technical report prepared as a professional document ready for publication as a white paper.

Sample project timeline:
• Weeks 1-3: Roadmapping; Problem definition; Problem space mapping;
• Week 4: State-of-the-Art Review Report (Deliverable);
• Week 5: Ideation & Making ? Initial proof-of-concept (Deliverable);
• Week 8: Prototype 1 *Including testing plan* (Deliverable)
• Week 10: Testing of Prototype 1;
• Week 12: Prototype 2 (Deliverable);
• Weeks 13-14: Testing of Prototype 2;
• Week 16: Final Technical Report (Deliverable)

**Team for this project is recommended to be interdisciplinary but capped at 3-4 students.

**Given interest, there is possibility for this project to incorporate 3D printing of ceramic composite materials.

**Project sponsors are prepared to be actively engaged throughout this design and development process. Ultimately, team members should not fear failure but rather be prepared for a “deep dive” into a hands-on experimental design project that could potentially be the catalyst for life-saving technology with global impact.


References

International Energy Agency (IEA), World Energy Outlook (Paris: OECD/IEA, 2016).
International Energy Agency (IEA), World Energy Outlook (Paris: OECD/IEA, 2006), 596.
Ilse Ruiz-Mercado, Omar Masera, Hilda Zamora, and Kirk R. Smith, “Adoption and sustained use of improved cookstoves,” Energy Policy 39, No. 12 (2011), 7557-7566.
S. Lim, T. Vos et al, “A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010,” Lancet 380, No. 9859 (December 2012): 2224-60.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Athletics Re-engineering a hockey puck shooting machine Lewis, Alfred 0 0 3 0 2 0 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Penn State Men's and Women's Hockey use a machine created by a company called "Rapid Shot" http://www.rapidshot.com/home.php to improve the teams' shooting skills. The machine utilizes mechanical technology to distribute and collect the pucks and computer technology to assist in the distribution of pucks (e.g. speed, number per round, etc.) and record data about the shots taken by the user.

The machine has a significant rate of mechanical error related to puck jams, misfiring pucks, sending out multiple pucks, etc. We also believe additional enhancements could be made to the machine to encourage greater use and enhance user experience.

We are seeking an analysis of the machine and the development of prototype mechanics to improve the performance of the system.

The machine also requires a specially designed puck. We would like to see the use of regular pucks.

Deliverables include - analysis of the current mechanisms, identification of possible reasons for malfunction, suggestions for ways to eliminate the problems, building a prototype mechanism(s)/machine(s) to eliminate malfunction and improve performance, use of regular pucks in the new mechanisms/machines and suggestions for other enhancements to the machine to provide a better user experience (e.g target options) to encourage greater use of the machine.

With respect to the intellectual property related to this project - sponsors are seeking joint ownership of the IP with the students involved in the project.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Beaver Stadium Concessions Beaver Stadium concessions. Line formation, product offering and stand management Purdum, Charlie 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

As the General Manager of Beaver Stadium I would like to take a look at our concession stand operation inside Beaver Stadium, mainly for football game days.

How can we decrease the amount of time fans wait in line or how can we increase the transaction time?
How can we improve the fan experience while fans wait in line (line psychology)?
Are the concession stands laid our or set up in an efficient way for the workers to be the most productive?
Are the menu boards easy to read so the order decision is clear once the fan reaches the ordering register?
Do we need to have a line facilitator at each stand to keep the flow moving?

Condiment counters should be taken into consideration also.

In taking a hard look at concession operations, we'll be able to maximize revenue AND improve the fan experience.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU BME Engineering Analysis of Targeted Cancer Therapies Medina, Scott 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Targeted cancer therapies have revolutionized the treatment of some cancers. However, acquired drug resistance limits our ability to create durable cancer therapies. Pharmaceutical companies create next generation follow on therapies that are of higher potency and target this drug resistance, but no strong quantitative theoretical basis for how potency and resistance spectrum affect the evolution of drug resistance has been proposed. This project will explore the parameter space of cancer treatment using stochastic differential equation models of tumor evolution and treatment. The deliverable is a careful analysis of when a more potent drug creates a better therapeutic outcome, and if it should be cycled with other therapies. We will also consider an economic analysis of the cost-benefit of these cancer therapies.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU CIMP-3D 1 Design, Development, and Testing of Mobile Apps for 3D Printing - Team 1 Shaffer, Steven 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 2 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

As part of a project with the National Science Foundation, we are developing “apps” to provide rapid manufacturing feedback to engineering students during design-build projects. Working with a team of researchers at Virginia Tech, we have prototyped an Android-based mobile app that provides feedback on 3D printed plastic parts. Users download or select an STL file on their smartphone and specify one of two polymer materials (PLA or ABS) and the desired percent infill for 3D printing the part. The app then shows a maneuverable view of the STL file and provides feedback on the build time, cost, and material needed to make the part. Build time, cost, and material usage are based on a voxel-based algorithm developed in Matlab, which uses the STL file and printer settings (material, infill) as input. A brief overview of the app can be found on YouTube at: https://youtu.be/ZHEimasImR0

In this project, we seek two teams of Computer Science students to help advance the App further. The first team will refine the Android-based app, making it more robust and user-friendly. The updated Android app will then be deployed and tested in a suitable design-build classroom in mid-March (e.g., EDSGN100, ME 340, ME440) to gather student feedback. The app should then be refined, updated, and deployment for final testing in mid-April before submitting the final version at the end of the semester. Meanwhile, the second team will work in parallel to the first team, developing a comparable iPhone app, which could also be deployed on an iPad. The two teams should communicate regularly throughout the semester to ensure that advancements and enhancements in one app are implemented in the other one and vice versa. The iPhone/iPad app should also be deployed and tested at least once before the end of the semester.

Sample STL files will be provided along with access to the Matlab code and source code for the current Android-based app. The two teams should deliver two working apps: (1) an enhanced Android-based app with full functionality and (b) a working prototype of the iPhone/iPad app. Source code and documentation should be included as part of the final report.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU CIMP-3D 2 Design, Development, and Testing of Mobile Apps for 3D Printing - Team 2 Yao, Tao 0 0 0 2 3 0 0 1 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

As part of a project with the National Science Foundation, we are developing “apps” to provide rapid manufacturing feedback to engineering students during design-build projects. Working with a team of researchers at Virginia Tech, we have prototyped an Android-based mobile app that provides feedback on 3D printed plastic parts. Users download or select an STL file on their smartphone and specify one of two polymer materials (PLA or ABS) and the desired percent infill for 3D printing the part. The app then shows a maneuverable view of the STL file and provides feedback on the build time, cost, and material needed to make the part. Build time, cost, and material usage are based on a voxel-based algorithm developed in Matlab, which uses the STL file and printer settings (material, infill) as input. A brief overview of the app can be found on YouTube at: https://youtu.be/ZHEimasImR0

In this project, we seek two teams of Computer Science students to help advance the App further. The first team will refine the Android-based app, making it more robust and user-friendly. The updated Android app will then be deployed and tested in a suitable design-build classroom in mid-March (e.g., EDSGN100, ME 340, ME440) to gather student feedback. The app should then be refined, updated, and deployment for final testing in mid-April before submitting the final version at the end of the semester. Meanwhile, the second team will work in parallel to the first team, developing a comparable iPhone app, which could also be deployed on an iPad. The two teams should communicate regularly throughout the semester to ensure that advancements and enhancements in one app are implemented in the other one and vice versa. The iPhone/iPad app should also be deployed and tested at least once before the end of the semester.

Sample STL files will be provided along with access to the Matlab code and source code for the current Android-based app. The two teams should deliver two working apps: (1) an enhanced Android-based app with full functionality and (b) a working prototype of the iPhone/iPad app. Source code and documentation should be included as part of the final report.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU CIMP-3D 3 Design and Prototype Development of a “Turn Key” Support Removal System for 3D Metal Printing – Structure Team Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Additive manufacturing (AM) provides unprecedented design (and material) freedom as parts are printed layer-by-layer to form a physical 3D object. While many people think that “complexity is free” when it comes to AM, overhanging structures that extend out beyond the main body of the 3D printed object remain a challenge to print. As the new layer is printed, the overhanging structure has to fight the effects of gravity so that it does not sag or collapse as it is printed, or in the case of metals, prevent the warping that can occur as the parts heat up and cool down.

When 3D printing in plastics, many printers have two (dual) extrusion heads to print the desired material (e.g., ABS, PLA, Polycarbonate) from one head along with a support material from the second head. The support material is water-soluble and easily washed away after the build is complete to reveal the final part. With metals, this is a challenge because the same material that is used to make the part is used to make the supports. For instance, a titanium part will have titanium supports that must be removed by grinding, cutting, machining, or hacking them away, which takes time and energy and is not very precise.

Working with Dr. Owen Hildreth and his students at Arizona State University, we have developed an approach for dissolvable metal supports that selectively corrodes away the interface between the supports and the part (see image). The approach first sensitizes the material to make it more susceptible to corrosion and then electrostatically etches away the material until the interface between the supports and the part is dissolved, allowing the supports to be easily removed. This has been demonstrated on both stainless steel and Inconel parts.

Feedback from industry has been positive, and we seek two capstone design teams to help us start to develop a “turn key” solution similar to those offered for plastic 3D printing (see, e.g., https://www.padtinc.com/supportremoval/). One team will focus on the structure of the system, namely, the overall layout and configuration of the components in the system and how they will be assembled together. The second team will focus on the action inside the system, namely, the dissolution process, including the etchants, electrostatic charging, heating, etc. Both teams will need to coordinate their efforts to ensure smooth integration of the two efforts into a functioning prototype by the end of the semester. Sample stainless and Inconel parts with different support geometries will be provided for the team to demonstrate their system prototype.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU CIMP-3D 4 Design and Prototype Development of a “Turn Key” Support Removal System for 3D Metal Printing – Dissolution Team Kimel, Allen 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Additive manufacturing (AM) provides unprecedented design (and material) freedom as parts are printed layer-by-layer to form a physical 3D object. While many people think that “complexity is free” when it comes to AM, overhanging structures that extend out beyond the main body of the 3D printed object remain a challenge to print. As the new layer is printed, the overhanging structure has to fight the effects of gravity so that it does not sag or collapse as it is printed, or in the case of metals, prevent the warping that can occur as the parts heat up and cool down.

When 3D printing in plastics, many printers have two (dual) extrusion heads to print the desired material (e.g., ABS, PLA, Polycarbonate) from one head along with a support material from the second head. The support material is water-soluble and easily washed away after the build is complete to reveal the final part. With metals, this is a challenge because the same material that is used to make the part is used to make the supports. For instance, a titanium part will have titanium supports that must be removed by grinding, cutting, machining, or hacking them away, which takes time and energy and is not very precise.

Working with Dr. Owen Hildreth and his students at Arizona State University, we have developed an approach for dissolvable metal supports that selectively corrodes away the interface between the supports and the part (see image). The approach first sensitizes the material to make it more susceptible to corrosion and then electrostatically etches away the material until the interface between the supports and the part is dissolved, allowing the supports to be easily removed. This has been demonstrated on both stainless steel and Inconel parts.

Feedback from industry has been positive, and we seek two capstone design teams to help us start to develop a “turn key” solution similar to those offered for plastic 3D printing (see, e.g., https://www.padtinc.com/supportremoval/). One team will focus on the structure of the system, namely, the overall layout and configuration of the components in the system and how they will be assembled together. The second team will focus on the action inside the system, namely, the dissolution process, including the etchants, electrostatic charging, heating, etc. Both teams will need to coordinate their efforts to ensure smooth integration of the two efforts into a functioning prototype by the end of the semester. Sample stainless and Inconel parts with different support geometries will be provided for the team to demonstrate their system prototype.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU College of Medicine 1 Pressure sensing orthotic brace for pectus carinatum Zheng, Siyang 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Pectus carinatum, or pigeon chest, is a chest wall deformity that affects one in 1500 births. Children affected by it can experience significant psychological stress as they go through adolescence when the deformity may become more prominent. Currently, treatment involves daily application of a custom-made orthotic brace to the area of protrusion. The tension on the brace is somewhat arbitrarily determined by the patient. Due to discomfort caused by the brace, compliance rate for the brace is about 60% and non-compliant patients will unlikely see any therapeutic effect. Patients who failed brace treatment but still desire corrective therapy will have to consider undergoing surgery to correct the deformity.
One of the main reason for non-compliance of these braces is the discomfort usually from too much tension on the brace. Too little tension, however, will prolong the time needed to wear the brace. We are interested in designing a continuously pressure sensing brace that will apply just the right amount of pressure necessary to see effect as well as minimizing discomfort to allow for better compliance and consequently improved outcome.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU College of Medicine 2 A warning device for surgical patients to prevent post-surgical dehydration and consequent need for emergency care Zheng, Siyang 1 0 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Post-surgical dehydration for patients can be a life-threatening experience. Proper hydration levels can be easily measured with a device capable of measuring skin bioelectrical impedance analysis and body weight. When the ratio of calculated water content falls below a normal initial value by more than 10 percent, this is an indication of imminent patient distress and need for Emergency Room intervention.
A device is required that has a suitable means of measuring a patient’s hydration level, and storing such information, and then calculating and determining real-time hydration values, and finally, transmitting the data to the physician’s office, via wireless means (i.e., Bluetooth to phone app, etc.). Further, the device must have an interface that informs the patient, via a simple means of communication, that fluid intake is sufficient, lacking or dangerously low. It should also record the patient’s compliance with use of the device as well as record any other significant discrepancies to the surgeon’s office
The basis of such a device is a body composition wi-fi scale, inexpensively found at many retailers. The patient and physician interface with the device will need to be modified/designed to meet the above objectives
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU College of Medicine 3 Prepare a FDA 510k submission for a new tissue retractor design used in breast surgery. Zheng, Siyang 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

For those students who would like to pursue a biomedical engineering career path, this project will provide extremely valuable hands-on experience.


The design of the retractor has been finalized and it is currently produced using a laser sintered nylon additive manufacturing method
Following the published FDA guidelines for both additive manufactured devices and medical devices in general, (both provided),
Prepare all of the necessary documentation to support a 510k submission for the device, known as the “Flapjack”.

The documentation required is straight-forward but must be rigorously prepared.
Functional requirements
Design input/output
Design changes to the existing device are allowed
Risk assessment and proposed mitigation solutions
DFMEA
Marketing claims for the device
Any test protocols and reports to support the marketing claims
Actual testing is not required unless time permits

Assembling of final documentation to submit to the FDA
If time permits, schedule a pre-submission call directly with the FDA to discuss your pending submission contents
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU College of Medicine 4 Develop a phone navigation (location services) App Shaffer, Steven 3 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

The App will:
Assist new patients in locating the appropriate clinic address

Notify the clinic of the patient’s whereabouts on the health campus, i.e., if they are in the waiting room, in the building, or not on the campus yet

Notify the patient if there are significant delays in the clinic schedule and direct them to a coffee shop or other waiting area until summoned to the clinic

Pre-populate the patient’s phone App with all updated address, phone, insurance information.

Provide the clinic with all updated pertinent patient information and thus eliminating the need for any pre-visit paper documentation

Notify any one traveling with the patient of their whereabouts/schedule changes while on the Health campus

The means of patient location/identification can be either Bluetooth, RFID or other common location services that can interface with most modern mobile phones
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU College of Medicine 5 3D printed heat exchanger for use in cooling, and maintaining a pediatric patient’s blood during cardiac surgery Medina, Scott 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Design, and build a prototype, of a compact, 3D printed heat exchanger for use in cooling, and maintaining, a pediatric patient’s blood during cardiac surgery from 37C to 30C, plus or minus 0.5 degrees

The device must be able to connect directly, and easily, to a commercially available oxygenator, blood pump and heat transfer fluid reservoir (all provided)

Total volume of blood/heat transfer fluid, contained in the device during use, must be greater than 95 percent of the device’s overall volume

Device is to be disposable after use

Device is to be made with a design and material that will not cause clotting
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU College of Medicine 6 Atraumatic Oral Retractor Zheng, Siyang 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Surgery at the base of the tongue and just below are relatively common procedures for the treatment of mouth cancers, polyps and other lesions of the soft tissue. Recently, the use of small robotic surgical assistive devices, known as trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS), has made the surgical procedures easier to perform.

The project task is to develop a simple, disposable, atraumatic oral retractor that will provide optimal tissue retraction TORS surgery.

The device is intended to prevent extensive tissue trauma caused by existing rigid metallic retractors and also not compromise airway management during the procedure. The device should also prevent prolapse of the patient’s tongue into the surgical field.

Design the shape of the trans-oral retractor in order to maximize tissue exposure, without obstructing the operative field.

It is suggested to begin the design using modifications to an existing balloon-type LMA airway devices (provided) to demonstrate basic, functional design concepts.

Test the modified LMA’s with specialized anatomic models (provided) of the oropharynx to demonstrate the stability of the retractor platform.

Once the LMA-based design has been optimized, a purpose built oral retractor will then be designed, built and tested utilizing cadaveric testing to demonstrate the functional retraction of native soft tissue.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU College of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation 3D Modeling of Adolescent Knees for Improved ACL Reconstruction Zheng, Siyang 1 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 3 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Adolescent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is performed with increasing frequency because of the increased intensity of adolescent sports participation and a higher awareness of articular injuries. Because of the possibility that this surgery will adversely affect the growth plate, surgical technique in reconstruction of adolescent ACL ruptures has been the subject of considerable interest. Our group has investigated the effects of surgical technique on the growth plate using virtual surgeries performed on computer models based on MRI scans of 18 adolescent knees (Kachmar et al., 2016). We would now like to use our image data to create physical models of adolescent knees that incorporate patient-to-patient variation in the anatomy of the femur and tibia, the ACL, and the growth plates within the bones. These physical models have a myriad of potential applications and commercial possibilities: (1) tools for training orthopaedic surgery residents to manage the growth plate when performing ACL reconstruction; (2) demonstration aids for orthopaedic instrumentation company reps to use when presenting their products to surgeons; and (3) physical test beds for new surgical instruments specifically designed for operating on adolescent knees.

The team working on this project will gain experience in orthopaedics, 3D modeling and printing, and processing medical image data. They will collaborate closely with orthopaedic surgeon Dr. Dov Bader (PSU Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation, based in State College) and Dr. Stephen Piazza (PSU Biomechanics Laboratory, Departments of Kinesiology, Mechanical Engineering, and Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation).

Reference:
Kachmar M, Piazza SJ, Bader DA. Comparison of Growth Plate Violations for Transtibial and Anteromedial Surgical Techniques in Simulated Adolescent Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 2016 Feb;44(2):417-24.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU College of Medicine, Surgical Innovation Group Augmented Reality (AR) for the OR Bilen, Len 3 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Augmented Reality (AR) is a promising technology that is waiting for applications in the healthcare setting. Surgeons from time to time will encounter cases where the anatomy is confusing even when preoperative radiographic imaging was performed. Researchers have successfully overlay real-time ultrasound imaging onto surgical patient organs. However, 3-D body imaging such as reconstructed CT or MRI will offer more anatomical details that will be beneficial in these complicated surgeries.

Our goal is to be able to overlay preoperative CT imaging onto patients during procedures and surgeries to help surgeons define structures more clearly and minimize trauma to surrounding structures as well as decreasing operative time.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU CSE RFID Exhibit for Children's Museum Shaffer, Steven 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 3 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Discovery Space is a children's museum located in downtown State College. This project is designed to be an exhibit there and will demonstrate the uses of RFID technology. The core of the exhibit will consist of a low-power computer such as a Raspberry Pi or a Beaglebone along with a small display and hardware adaptors for reading various kinds of RFID chips. The software should have a graphical interface that can display various messages, play sounds, and show animations in response to different RFID tags being scanned (each RFID tag being associated with some customizable set of actions). The actual RFID tags could be embedded in various object that kids can play with and scan to observe the exhibit's reactions (and so they can also test what can shield RFID tags from readers). The project is fairly flexible and deliverables include (documented) software components for: 1) Reading RFID tags 2) A GUI that can display messages and show animations and/or pictures in response to RFID tags being read. 3) Playing sounds (from a file and possibly using software speech synthesizers). 4) A database that associates RFID tags with sets of actions (i.e. specific messages to display, sounds to make, pictures to show). 5) A graphical admin interface for modifying the database.

In addition the setup needs to be "childproof" in the sense that the components (sensors, wires, computing device) need to be protected with various casings, and this requirement may influence the design of the exhibit, the chosen hardware, and hence the software as well.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Dean Schwartz Extreme Magnetic Field Rapid Thermal Annealing System Design VonLockette, Paris 0 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The objective of this projects is to conceptualize, design, prototype, and test a rapid thermal annealing system which will operate under very high magnetic fields to create new magnetic and superconducting materials. Dean Schwartz’s lab has recently moved to PSU and the team of students will participate with his research group in creating a one-of-a-kind processing technique to enable cutting-edge research. The team will design and machine a rigid mechanical fixture that sits inside the large bore of an 8.5T superconducting magnet, implement a digital control system with feedback to control the thermal anneal profile, and test the design in operation to meet or exceed the performance requirements. Requirements include a 600°C annealing dwell temperature and a 10°C/s ramp rate while magnetic fields of up to 8.5T are being produced.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU EDSGN 1 Affordable Roofing Concept Eser, Semih 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 3 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

This proposal is part of a cross-institutional, multidisciplinary initiative that is directed revitalize New Kensington, PA, a Rust Belt area, into a vibrant community that support economic growth and sustainable development through entrepreneurial and innovative initiative. One of the biggest challenges in this initiative is developing an optimal solution to the existing problem of old, leaky buildings. The student team will work alongside the existing project members to design and test a conceptual model for a new roofing composite that will sit on top of the existing roof. For the initial prototype, EDPM will be layered over the existing roofing. Existing aluminum panels will be reconfigured for use as pavers. A solar coating/ thin solar layer will applied on top of the panels. The practicability of this assembly will be based on its performance with respect to waterproofing, insulation, condensation and as a vapor retarder. This will be through simulation and also physical lab testing. A re-iterative engineering design approach will be deployed to input initial results into the refinement of the prototype. The main deliverable will be a detailed engineering design approach for a sustainable and energy producing re-roofing system.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU EDSGN 2 Capturing Team Communication through Big Data Sensors Wheeler, Timothy 0 0 2 3 3 1 0 3 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Recent technological advances in sensor development have provided an avenue to discreetly explore complex communication patterns among team members. While some commercial solutions exist to monitor turn taking, speaker dominance, and individual speaking duration within a team, these existing devices are faulty and unreliable. They are also unable to accurately capture more complex aspects of human speech like intensity and emotion. Therefore, the goal of this project is as follows: 1. Perform a patent search on existing technologies for monitoring communication patterns; 2. Design, develop, test and build a portable, robust and unobtrusive hardware solution for monitoring communication patterns (turn taking, speech dominance, speech segment length, intensity, emotion, and stress) that does not violate these patents; 3. Develop a software system that can reliably analyze the communication patterns from the hardware system; 4. Work with an engineering design graduate team to develop a user-friendly front-end system for researchers to use to analyze the collected data.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU EE Student Rocket Ground Support Equipment Wheeler, Timothy 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Penn State students are contributing three scientific instruments to the G-Chaser student rocket which will be launched from northern Norway in January 2019. G-Chaser is part of a NASA-supported collaboration among scientific teams from the USA, Norway and Japan using sounding rockets to investigate winter conditions in earth's upper atmosphere. The Penn State payload (called "PAWSS") is now in the "fabrication and test" phase of the design cycle. Next June, we must be ready to integrate our instruments into the payload at NASA Wallops Flight Facility. To prepare for that integration, we will need a ground support suitcase (GSE). The GSE connects to the flight computer for our payload, allows us to turn instruments on and off and monitors voltages and currents. In this way we can independently test, calibrate and troubleshoot our instruments without needing NASA personnel or equipment.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU EME 1 Solar powered light electric vehicle Eser, Semih 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The goal of this project is to build a minimum viable sustainable system for our Pennstate student farm by building a light electric vehicle with cargo capacity, energy storage applications for the farm and a solar installation for charging the vehicle and the battery that will be used for both transportation and on-site energy use
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU EME 2 Green Energy Design Challenge Eser, Semih 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 3 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

This project will include the engineering and design for retrofitting a building local to State College, PA. Specifically, design and cost a solar PV system, lighting retrofit, HVAC and energy benchmarking analysis and upgrades, and necessary labor and ordering materials.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Energy Efficient Housing Research Group GreenBuild High-Performance Homes Evaluation Eser, Semih 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The Energy Efficient Housing Research Group: The Energy Efficient Housing Research Group (EEHR) is concerned with the study, design, and implementation of Responsible Housing. We define Responsible Housing as well-designed homes that are affordable; sustainable; and healthful. EEHR is an outreach arm of the Hamer Center for Community Design within the Penn State College of Arts and Architecture. The group is a multidisciplinary team of faculty, graduate, and undergraduate students from across the university dedicated to the investigation of Responsible Housing in order to inform better housing and more resource-conscious living.

Project Statement: This project team will develop a post-construction evaluation plan for the GreenBuild homes. This plan should evaluate both building performance (energy usage, air quality, material durability, etc.) and occupant behavior (lifestyle changes, education and awareness of the building systems, etc.) with the intent of gathering information for future education about the GreenBuild project and to compare actual energy data to predictive energy models.

Project Background: Since 2013, EEHR has partnered with the State College Community Land Trust (SCCLT) to develop a design for a zero-energy ready duplex (two attached homes) at 1394 University Drive. The project was used for the site of the 2015 Penn State Race to Zero design competition submission. Over the past three years, EEHR has engaged in community design charrettes, meetings between the SCCLT and local builders, and internal design reviews to develop a highly-researched home that optimizes energy efficiency, health, durability, affordability, and constructability with local labor. Currently, EEHR is working with the SCCLT, Envinity, Henry Architecture & Design, and Paul Macht Architects to see this duplex become reality. The homes are planned to be fully constructed by May 2018.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Enterprise Networking & Communication Services Optimizing Inventory Warehouse Relocation Yao, Tao 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Enterprise Networking & Communication Services (ENCS), a unit within Penn State IT, provides a core set of networking and communication services to the Penn State community, at University Park and across Pennsylvania. We provide services from the broadest scale, the Enterprise Network, to the most personal, individual telephone devices and voicemail options.

ENCS’s materials storage area will be relocating within University Park. This move provides an opportunity to design the new facility to minimize material movement and maximize space. Items for consideration include flow, accessibility, space, throughput, ergonomics and safety.

Activities of this project may include
• Collect data and insights from managers and staff
• Observe and document the processes
• Identify criteria that needs to be evaluated
• Build scale model of new facility
• Brainstorm solutions
• Recommend and document next steps

Depending on the final structure of the project, deliverables may include
• Data collected and associated documentation
• Process observation documentation
• Scale model of new facility
• Detailed guidelines of how to get from current state to recommended state
• Presentations, demonstrations
• Final technical report, poster, and one-page summary
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Golf Teaching and Research Center (GTRC) Instructional App for ground reaction forces in golf Shaffer, Steven 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

A golfer's ability to develop appropriate ground reaction forces is crucial to creating a good swing. There are multiple products emerging in the golf industry that measure either ground reaction forces or pressures. However, the general understanding of how ground reaction forces is not well understood among the majority of golf instructors.
The Golf Teaching and Research Center at Penn State has developed an educational program to help golf instructors understand the 3-dimensional movements of the golf swing as well as the ground forces that help create those movements. As part of our educational program, we have created a graphic for presentations that allows the user to control the individual ground reaction forces to see the effect of changing the magnitude and orientation of each force on the moment produced (see included image).
The goal is to develop an app that allows users to see the effect of different ground forces as well as a change in location of the center of mass of the golfer.

Deliverables - Produce an app that:
Allows the user to control the magnitude and orientation of the right and left GRF.
Shows in graphic and numeric form the resulting moment applied produced about the center of mass of the golfer.
Allows the above at multiple points in the golf swing.
Allows the above in the frontal and transverse (horizontal) plane.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Hershey Medical Center 1 Lead Support - Team 1 Yavuzkurt, Savas 2 0 0 0 3 0 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Tens of thousands of people in the medical field wear lead aprons daily to protect them from harmful doses of radiation used in medical imaging. Most notably are the cardiologists who perform coronary angiography for heart attacks and stents, though lead aprons are worn by vascular surgeons, interventional radiologists, nurses, and technicians for up to 12 hours a day. Lead aprons weigh 10 to 20 lbs and the force transmitted to the knee is approximately 30 to 60 lbs per step. Most providers have suffered work-related injuries and struggle with osteoarthritis to the knees, neck, and low back. Orthopedic injuries shorten the length of providers' careers and impact their overall well-being. This directly and negatively impacts patient care and the health of our communities.

I have proposed a lead apron support structure that offloads the weight of the lead. It would need to be both fast to put on, unobtrusive to operating surgeons and technicians, and be able to flex and quickly navigate operating room tables. I am interested in incorporating wearable seat technology currently in use in the automotive manufacturing industry, as well. I would like to work with a team to refine designs, perform market analysis, and develop a prototype for the design.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Hershey Medical Center 2 Lead Support - Team 2 Yavuzkurt, Savas 2 0 0 0 3 0 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Tens of thousands of people in the medical field wear lead aprons daily to protect them from harmful doses of radiation used in medical imaging. Most notably are the cardiologists who perform coronary angiography for heart attacks and stents, though lead aprons are worn by vascular surgeons, interventional radiologists, nurses, and technicians for up to 12 hours a day. Lead aprons weigh 10 to 20 lbs and the force transmitted to the knee is approximately 30 to 60 lbs per step. Most providers have suffered work-related injuries and struggle with osteoarthritis to the knees, neck, and low back. Orthopedic injuries shorten the length of providers' careers and impact their overall well-being. This directly and negatively impacts patient care and the health of our communities.

I have proposed a lead apron support structure that offloads the weight of the lead. It would need to be both fast to put on, unobtrusive to operating surgeons and technicians, and be able to flex and quickly navigate operating room tables. I am interested in incorporating wearable seat technology currently in use in the automotive manufacturing industry, as well. I would like to work with a team to refine designs, perform market analysis, and develop a prototype for the design.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU HHD Electrodermal Watchband Medina, Scott 1 0 2 0 3 3 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Overall problem: Stress detection from pure heart rate data is difficult to perform using wrist-based measurements like smartwatches.

Goal: Design and prototype a watchband-form-factor sensor system for measuring electrodermal (skin conductance) activity (EDA) that reports sensor data in real time to a nearby smartwatch or smartphone


Deliverables:
Design of a watchband form-factor sensor system following requirements below and generate a report describing the tradeoffs between different design options in terms of price, functionality, data quality, battery life, user comfort, etc.

The watchband design must include all primary requirements:
- Measurement of electrodermal activity from the wrist
- Reporting of data in real time to an associated smartphone
- Likely via Bluetooth low energy
- Automatically handle disconnection and reconnection with phone
- Fit around an average wrist and hold a standard watch
- Uses commercially available sensors

In addition, we are interested in designs that will optionally:
- Maximize battery life
- Minimize size/maximize comfort
- Adapt sensor and update rates to improve battery life
- Broadcast and recieve iBeacon functions
- Detect device removal
- Store-and-report functionality if phone is not nearby
- Error correction and recovery

The team should also build one or more physical prototype in consultation with the sponsor.
- Test integration with Wear-IT App Framework
- Report final capabilities (precision, update rate, battery life)
- Size/weight restrictions can be relaxed for the prototype

We will work closely with the team to delineate a design scope within the boundaries of the team's capabilities.

We will provide access to the app framework, smartphone hardware, and comparison data collection equipment.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Invent Penn State Design, Development, and Additive Manufacturing of an Innovative Inventor Award Ray, Asok 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 2 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

On April 19-20, Penn State will be hosting its next Invent Penn State Venture & IP Conference at The Penn Stater Conference Center and Hotel (https://pennstatevip.com/). Last year, the inaugural event showcased over 90 startup ventures (14 from Penn State) and drew over 500 participants. This year’s event is likely to be even bigger, and the organizing team is planning many activities within the event, including recognizing an outstanding inventor at the conference.

Penn State's Invent Penn State (IPS) team seeks a team of creative engineering students that will help them design, develop, and ultimately produce—in 3D printed metal—an innovative award for the new inventor. The team will work closely with IPS staff and two local startups that are helping with the event: (1) Rowland Creative (http://rowlandcreative.com/), a local design firm specializing in graphic design and marketing, and (2) Xact Metal (http://www.xactmetal.com/), a local startup that is bringing low cost metal 3D printing to the market.

Working in collaboration with IPS and these two local startups, the capstone team will:
1. Review and evaluate sketches and design ideas with IPS and Rowland Creative.
2. Search the literature and identify a collection of creative and innovative products, parts, jewelry, artwork, etc. that have been 3D printed and provides inspiration for the design of the award.
3. Meet with Xact Metal to learn the capabilities of their machines and the metals that they can print.
4. Design and develop 3D solid models of 4-5 promising ideas and 3D print them in plastic in different sizes by February 2 for review with IPS and Rowland Creative.
5. Gather customer feedback, down-select and refine the two best ideas, and 3D print new plastic prototypes by February 16 for review with IPS and Rowland Creative.
6. Revise and select the final design and 3D print a final plastic prototype by March 2.
7. After Spring Break, work with IPS and Xact Metal to develop a production plan for the final metal award; revise the design and build plan as needed.
8. Produce at least 1 metal prototype by March 30 and refine the design as needed.
9. Revise your production plan and work with Xact Metal to have a finished award at least one week in advance of the conference (if not sooner).
10. After the award has been printed in metal, develop a detailed cost estimate for future awards of the same caliber.

The team will meet weekly with representatives from Rowland Creative, IPS, and/or Xact Metal to review progress, discuss and refine ideas, and review and evaluate prototypes. Early prototypes can be fabricated in the Learning Factory (or on campus), and Xact Metal will 3D print the final award in metal on one of their laser-based powder bed fusion systems.

Finally, the conference dates are set; so, the team needs to plan accordingly to meet the April 19-20, 2018 deadline. The intent is to present the award to the winner at the conference, not mail it to him/her after the event.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Learning Factory Solar power for clinics in resource-challenged settings Eser, Semih 0 0 0 0 3 3 0 3 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

THE PROBLEM
In resource-challenged settings – including many countries in sub-Saharan Africa – there is widespread lack of sufficient and reliable power at health clinics. Based on a WHO-World Bank report, 25% of clinics in sub-Saharan Africa have no access to electricity; only 28% of clinics and 34% of hospitals have reliable access to electricity (over 20 hours per day on average). This lack of power contributes to the unavailability of essential health services — even basic utilities like lighting and cell phone charging — at these clinics, thereby contributing to poor health outcomes. This in turn impacts income levels and contributes to the cycle of poverty in these communities.

THE OBJECTIVES
The output of this project is a well-designed, working prototype of a solar power kit intended for rural health clinics in resource-challenged settings. This kit should meet the following basic requirements:
- Provide enough power for essential needs at an off-grid, rural health clinic in resource-challenged settings
- Provide power even through long periods of minimal sunlight (e.g., monsoon season)
- Be tough and reliable, i.e., breakdown as infrequently as possible
- Be easy to maintain and repair using simple parts and tools
- Be inexpensive, ideally in the range of $200-$300 per kit.

THE DELIVERABLES
- Thorough benchmarking of existing solar kits in the market (usually intended for rooftops of homes and commercial establishments). There are a number of companies already offering similar technology, so let’s start by learning about them, not reinventing the wheel!
- Design of a solar kit for rural health clinics in resource-challenged settings. This design can be an modified version of existing kits, based on the landscaping and on the functionality needed for clinics
- Working prototype of the solar kit for rural health clinics.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Low-Temperature Plasma Research Design of a Low-Temperature Plasma Catheter for Future Cardiovascular Treatments Medina, Scott 1 0 0 0 0 3 3 0 2 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

A student team will engage in the materials research, device design, and manufacturing methods for a new catheter design to produce a low-temperature corona plasma discharge inside of a human cardiovascular system for less-invasive treatment of different disease states.

The basic concept of a catheter for this function is known and understood, but the detailed design, optimum materials, manufacturing methods, and expected costs have yet to be determined.

Students will work with members of the Low-Temperature Plasma Science and Engineering Research Group to address this problem with future patient safety and ease of use for the operator in mind.

Project deliverables include a detailed catheter design, manufacturing methods, optimum materials, order of magnitude cost, a final report, and a prototype. Project funds may be used at the Materials Characterization Laboratory and Nanofabrication Laboratory, as well as for project supplies.

The prototype will be tested in-vitro in a biological fluid.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU Made By Design Lab Redesign of a Mobile “Maker Cart” to Support Early-Stage Engineering Education Rose, Damian 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Institutions (K-12, community colleges, and university) are increasingly investing in student access to AM, from single desktop-scale systems in a classroom to large dedicated AM spaces such as MakerBot Innovation Centers. Reviews show that, overwhelmingly, spaces are often located in a fixed, centralized location, such as a library or even through so-called “3D printing vending machines.” However, the majority of approaches inherently limit learning to a single location and thus a single context. This may in turn limit the potential for learning due to the strong interconnect between knowledge formation and the social, cultural and physical contexts in which it was performed. As such, this Senior Capstone Project is focused on the creation of a portable “Maker Cart,” aimed at supporting early-stage engineering education, as an alternative to these existing forms of access. The portability of the system will make it capable of both formal and informal learning contexts and will allow students to directly observe and reflect on the manufacturability of their designs. Similar carts have been steadily growing in popularity among libraries and K-12 institutions across the nation; however, they are often limited to spectacle, without curriculum to support their use and properly act as a catalyst for learning.
For this project, the student team will be tasked with designing, programming, manufacturing, implementing, and evaluating a 3D printing-oriented “Maker Cart” system. The system must be designed in such a way that it offers hands-on experience with 3D printing design and manufacturing, while simultaneously ensuring safety and ease-of-operation. This project is a continuation of a similar project sponsored in Fall 2017. Students will be redesigning previous Maker Cart efforts in the hopes of implementing significant, advanced improvements. Success will be determined based on the i) how easy it is for novices to properly use the system while still ensuring safety, ii) the cart’s ability to integrate at least two printers and one computer, and iii) the mobility and flexibility of the overall system to be used in a variety of educational contexts. Additionally, it is desired that the team will strive to incorporate additional features typically seen in 3D printing vending machine systems (ejection mechanisms, collection bins, streamlined interfaces, etc.).
This project is sponsored by the Made By Design Lab, a Penn State research group focused on the intersection of design and additive manufacturing. The lab is directed by Dr. Nick Meisel, Assistant Professor of Engineering Design and Mechanical Engineering.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU MATSE Designing and building a demonstration set of a molecular beam epitaxy system Kimel, Allen 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 0 1 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Overview. The project goal is to design and build an interactive demonstration set of a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) system to strengthen the outreach activities, such as workshops, science festivals and museum exhibits, as well as to increase in-class participation in undergraduate courses that cover thin film deposition methods. A highly versatile, fully functional model of an MBE system has to be designed to support the learning objectives of this demonstration set: (i) the need for ultrahigh vacuum, the role of the load lock and buffer chamber to preserve an ultra-clean growth environment in the MBE reactor, the operation of gate valves, (ii) the concept of inelastic mean free path, impinging rate of molecules on surfaces and their sticking coefficient, (iii) the growth process: the function of an effusion cell, shutter operation to modulate atomic fluxes, (iv) growth schemes, layering vs. co-deposition and delta-doping. The MBE model should allow the observer to comprehend the simple technical solution used to achieve superior control during the synthesis of thin films with atomic precision. Figure 1(a) shows the MBE system housed in the lab N118A of the Millennium Science Complex at University Park Campus.
Deliverables. (1). The model size should be large enough for ten people to look at it and observe the sample transfer and growth process at all times and up to six people to operate and interact with the model: one for sample transfer, one for gate valve operation and up to three for shutter operation and one for the quartz crystal monitor operation, another four can observe the model function and study the poster containing more information about MBE and its use in electronic consumer products. A schematic of the MBE model system is shown in Figure 1(b), which may serve as a starting point of the design process. The model needs to be compactable for travel by one person with minimal assemble time and safe transportation boxes. The MBE model should be made from transparent material. All pieces should easily fit into the trunk of a car. (2) A proposal has to be made how the atoms should be represented. Different types need to be distinguished by color, ideally also by size (not mandatory). All atoms should be spherically shaped, the material used should be eatable, one eatable representation of atoms is shown in Figure 1(c). (3) The MBE model system should allow for the following functions: (a) loading samples into the load lock via a load lock door, (b) representation of pressure gauges, i.e. ‘fake’ indicators of pressure levels in the growth chamber, buffer chamber and load lock chamber, (c) large shutters that can be open and closed that separate the buffer chamber from the load lock and the growth chamber (d) representation of at least three effusion cells that are equipped with LED lights to represent the internal heater function of an effusion cell, (e) moveable shutters in front of the effusion cells to simulate the modulation of fluxes, shutter operation should allow to supply from two different effusion cells at the same time, (f) representation of a quartz crystal monitor used to measure the flux of atoms from an effusion cell (ideally by using a scale that can be moved into the sample position and retracted), (g) the transfer of the samples in and out of the growth reactor using the transfer arm. Similar to the real MBE system a magnetic coupling mechanism has to be part of the transfer arm model as well, (k) a small ‘container’ representing the sample that collects the ‘atoms’ from the effusion cell, (l) a poster and a video containing additional information about molecular beam epitaxy and instruction how this model can be used.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU MNE 1 Structural Battery for a Flying Motorcycle Rose, Damian 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The Boeing-sponsored GoFly prize competition seeks to spur development of a single-seat, vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) air vehicle that is essentially a flying motorcycle. The constraints associated with this competition are very tight, with size, noise, speed, and endurance all severely constrained. Conceptual designs suggest that a battery-powered vehicle is feasible, but overall vehicle mass is a critical design driver. To minimize mass, integrated design of structure, battery, and the propulsion system is critical.

This project will focus on the design of an integrated strut/battery for a multi-copter configuration sized for a Go Fly competition vehicle. Deliverables will include design reports, a SolidWorks model, and a sub-scale demonstrator of a strut/battery.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU MNE 2 Design and Manufacturing of a High-Performance Particle Seeder for Laser Velocimetry Measurements in Reacting Flows Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Motivation
Particle image velocimetry (PIV) is a commonly used technique for measuring velocity fields in a range of applications. In this technique, small, reflective particles are seeded into the flow. These particles are sized to be small enough so that they follow every motion of the fluid. A laser sheet is used to illuminate the particles in two laser pulses. High-speed cameras capture these two images, and a cross-correlation calculation is used to calculate the velocity of the particles throughout the flowfield . Common tracer particles are aerosolized liquids and hollow plastic spheres.
This technique can also be used in reacting flows, or flows with a flame, but the particles must be able to withstand the flame temperatures without deforming or melting in order to measure the velocity on both the reactants and products side of the flame. As such, many common tracer particles are not practical for reacting flows. Instead, ceramic compounds like aluminum oxide and titanium dioxide are used in powder form, where the average particle size is 0.5-2 microns in diameter. While these particles easily withstand the temperatures of the flame, there are two significant issues with the use of these particle tracers. First, they tend to agglomerate in the presence of humidity, resulting in particles that are too big to faithfully follow the flow. Second, dispersing these particles evenly and steadily into the flow is difficult given their physical properties.

Project Goal
The goal of this project is to design and build a fluidized bed particle seeder for aluminum oxide particles. This seeder will be used in reacting flow experiments in the Reacting Flow Dynamics Lab. The seeders should overcome the two common issues of particle agglomeration and non-uniform seeding density described above. Students will have access to a laboratory space to build and test the seeders; tools, safety equipment (dust masks, gloves, etc.), and testing equipment will all be provided.

Project Deliverables
1. Analysis of aluminum oxide particles in fluidized bed conditions to support the design of the seeders.
2. Design of a fluidized bed particle seeder.
3. Manufacture of two fluidized bed particle seeders.
4. Testing of two fluidized bed particle seeders on experiments in the Reacting Flow Dynamics Lab.

Contact Information
Project monitor: Dr. Jacqueline O’Connor, Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Email: jxo22@engr.psu.edu
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU MNE 3 Inexpensive optical sensors to measure plant reflectance, NDVI and DLI Wheeler, Timothy 0 0 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The AS7262 and AS7263 chips are inexpensive multispectral optical sensors that could have widespread use in agriculture and plant sciences. The AS7262 provides digital measurements of light intensity at six bands in the visible spectrum (450, 500, 550, 570, 600 and 650 nm) while the AS7263 provides similar measurements at six bands in the visible to near infrared (NIR) spectrum (610, 680, 730, 760, 810 and 860 nm). This project will develop a family of three simple commercial products using AS7262 and AS7263 chips interfaced to microcontrollers. 1) a handheld device with dual opposed sensors (two 7262 or two 7263) and LCD display to measure incident and reflected light, 2) a handheld device with one 7263, LCD display, red LED, NIR LED and hood to measure Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), 3) a ground or post mounted device with one 7262, one 7263 and SD card to log ambient light intensity over 24 hours and compute Daily Light Integral (DLI). The possibility of including GPS should also be explored for all three devices. This project will require coding microcontrollers, building circuit boards, designing simple diffuser lenses and fabricating commercial grade enclosures. Circuit examples and code are available at SparkFun Electronics.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU MNE 345 Strain Gage Lab ME 345 Strain Gage Lab Redesign Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Description: ME 345 (Measurement, Instrumentation, and Statistics) is a required course for all Mechanical Engineering students at Penn State. The course consists of both a lecture component and eleven labs. Part of one of these labs, the strain gage lab, needs to be redesigned. In its current state, students design a gantry crane using Lego pieces. They then use quarter- and half- Wheatstone bridges to measure the strain in the gantry crane as weight (from 0 to 1kg) is added to the crane. Currently, the strain gages are mounted on Lego beams and the bridge circuit generates a considerable voltage drift as well as inconsistent readings. The inconsistent readings occur because the measured voltages do not return to their original values after the students apply and remove the weights. Furthermore, disturbing the wires connecting the strain gages can cause major voltage fluctuations. The low gauge wires are also very difficult to connect to a breadboard. Each of these problems worsen in magnitude as the same beams are used throughout each of the lab sections. Currently the problem is temporarily fixed by having new strain gage mounted Lego beams available at all times.

Objective: We would like the design team to redesign the gantry crane portion of this lab. This portion must demonstrate the function of the quarter and half-bridge circuits in conjunction with strain gages while maintaining a design portion for the students. The entire lab including this updated part should be able to be completed in a 3-hour timeframe. The design team should consult with the current/past TA’s as well as the professors to ensure that the lab is able to be completed by the students as well as train the TA’s in the operation of the lab if necessary.

Requirements: Develop a lab module within the allotted time that uses both quarter and half-bridge Wheatstone bridges to measure strain and that demonstrates the differences between the two bridges, while maintaining a design portion for the students. This lab should use durable parts that can be used many times a semester for many years.

Deliverables:
-Rewrite the existing lab to include the aforementioned redesigned lab
-Rewrite the existing lab solutions to include the redesigned lab

1 of 2 projects requested
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU MNE 5 Human Powered Vehicle Competition Neal, Gary 3 0 0 0 2 0 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

The team will help design and build a human powered vehicle and compete at the ASME E-Fest hosted by PSU on April 13-15, 2018. In addition, the team will help create the reports and videos required for the competition. The capstone team will work with the existing HPVC team.

The vehicle is a tricycle with two front wheels and one rear wheel. While the major design is finalized, many details must still be decided. For example, the details of the power-train (which gears and sprockets to use, what chain, ...) has not yet been designed. In addition, the vehicle must be fabricated. Once completed, the vehicle must be able to go straight (preferably fast), turn, and stop. In addition, the rider must be able to start and stop without outside assistance.

The competition consists of design and innovation reports, an innovation video, a performance safety video, a design presentation, a speed event, and an endurance event. For additional details on the competition, please see https://community.asme.org/hpvc/w/wiki/12953.hpvc-north-america-east.aspx?_ga=2.177835493.1329951211.1513714663-1127857785.1452536720
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU MNE 6 Design and fabrication of a laboratory turbulence generator Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 2 3 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

BACKGROUND: The physics of turbulent fluid flow form the basis of some of today’s most complex and enduring engineering problems. Its chaotic and unsteady nature is difficult to study from first principles, and its nonlinearity presents further challenges for numerical simulation. Experimental study, in both the laboratory and in the field, is therefore a key component of our continuing exploration of turbulence and its mysteries. However, despite its ubiquity in nature, it is very difficult to generate controllable, natural-seeming turbulence in a laboratory setting. Laboratory turbulence generators (LTGs) have walls; wind- and wave-driven turbulent flows don’t. LTGs are often quite sensitive to the placement and direction of fluid actuators (e.g. jets or speakers). The limited volume of most LTGs also prevents us from observing the full range of turbulent length- and timescales that would be present in a larger-scale turbulent flow, such as those present in the ocean or the atmosphere. There are therefore many design challenges and tradeoffs inherent in building an LTG.

GOAL: To design and build a (water-filled) LTG capable of producing a medium-large volume of turbulence that is homogeneous (statistically constant across space), isotropic (statistically independent of coordinate system), and zero-mean (average velocity of zero). The final tank should have a footprint smaller than 4 x 4 feet but be capable of generating turbulence at Taylor-scale Reynolds numbers of at least 200, and able to measurably reproduce the small scales of oceanic turbulence. The tank will be used for studies of the motion of inertial particles in turbulence.

APPROACH: In the first few weeks of the project, students will complete a literature review of existing laboratory turbulence generators, and determine the pros and cons of each approach. During this time students will also meet with Dr. Byron for a crash course in turbulent flows and how to characterize them (all students must have previously taken ME320 or equivalent). Using this knowledge, students will move forward with the design of an LTG that fulfills the above design requirements (and any other requirements determined during the initial phase). Students will then fabricate their LTG, and assist in validating turbulence properties via laser-based velocimetry. Previous machining/fabrication experience is desired.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU PennTAP 1 Real Time On Site Energy Assessment Report Generation Phase 2 Eser, Semih 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Background: PennTAP helps Pennsylvania companies improve their competitiveness by providing technical assistance and information that addresses two main areas: Energy and Environment and Innovation. The program focuses on helping smaller firms that normally do not have the in-house expertise or resources to resolve specific technical questions or needs. Operated by Penn State Outreach, PennTAP offers technical assistance for Pennsylvania manufacturers to reduce pollution while decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improving energy efficiency and coordinates innovation and new product development services. Technical advisors on PennTAP’s Energy Team work with small to midsized manufacturers to provide no-cost facility assessments to improve energy efficiency and reduce GHG emissions which result in reduced operating costs.

In a past learning factory project, PennTAP had a team of students develop a tablet based calculation tool for lighting, compressed air, and boilers for industrial energy audits. The tool is based in Excel and used on Microsoft Surface Tablets.

Project Objective: The objective of this project is expand the automated calculation workbook to include additional energy saving opportunities and to align with PennTAP’s report templates. PennTAP will work with the students to develop the calculations and descriptions of all the energy saving opportunities; the team, however, will be required to understand and possibly augment the calculations. The proposed calculations may need to be refined or expanded to include additional input variables.

Deliverables: The final deliverable will be an expanded software tool for each targeted energy area. The submitted software tool will be in working form with clear instructions for use.

Expectation of Team: Team members are expected to attend at least two energy assessments. The first assessment will be to provide the team with context related to the project. The second assessment will provide an opportunity to evaluate the tool(s) and make improvements or changes before submitting the final project. Team members may be from any engineering discipline, but suggested team members are those with an energy, industrial, computer, and chemical (process) engineering focus.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU PennTAP 2 Solar Feasibility Study for k-12 Schools Eser, Semih 0 0 0 0 3 3 0 2 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Background PennTAP helps Pennsylvania companies improve their competitiveness by providing technical assistance and information that addresses two main areas: Energy and Environment and Innovation. The program focuses on helping smaller firms, k-12 schools, municipalities that normally do not have the in-house expertise or resources to resolve specific technology questions or needs. Operated by Penn State Outreach, PennTAP offers technical assistance for these Pennsylvania firms to reduce pollution while decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improving energy efficiency and coordinates innovation and new product development services.

For k-12 schools, PennTAP conducts training workshops on Building Re-Tuning (BRT) concepts. These workshops provide training on building envelop and best practices to support building longevity and efficient operations. Through these workshops, there have been several inquiries about solar technology and how a school district might be able to take advantage of this alternative resource.

Project Objective PennTAP is currently working with 15 school districts to improve energy efficiency through a combination of education and site assessments. PennTAP would like the student group to complete a feasibility study to evaluate the potential for a solar power project at one school in each school district. The student group will be required to research the utility costs, determine the best school within the district for the project, and develop a payback period for each project. The students will be expected to deliver the results of the assessments in a format that PennTAP can shared with the group of schools at an educational meeting. The students will also be expected to refine or expand the model to other schools based on the requests from the school districts.

Deliverables Completed feasibility study with summary report and results of the assessments in a format appropriate for PennTAP to share with the stakeholders in future meetings.

Expectation of Team Team members are expected to be self-starters with strong communication skills. Team members may be from any engineering discipline, but suggested team members are those with an energy and industrial engineering focus.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU PennTAP 3 Graham Partners Energy Analysis Eser, Semih 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Background: Graham Partners is an investment firm that owns and operates manufacturing companies around the country. The firm operates facilities within a range of industries including healthcare, food processing, packaging, and aerospace.

Project Objective: At one of the facilities, a storage tank is continuously overflowing during production. Graham Partners would like the group to investigate the root cause of the overflow and design an approach to avoid the over fill. The group will evaluate mitigation approaches including controls, containment solutions, and equipment resizing. The group must compare the cost and effectiveness of each option.

Further, the team will calculate the energy and water costs associated with the overspill problem to develop a payback period for the project.

Deliverables: The deliverables for the project will include a draft report explaining the root cause of the overflow and explanation of each mitigation techniques. The report will include the calculation methods used and drawings of the designed mitigation techniques. The report must include the mitigation technique that the group would choose with an explanation of why it was chosen.

Expectation of Team: Team members are expected to visit the site at least once. Team members may be from energy, mechanical and chemical engineering majors.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU RERC on AAC 1 Editing Videos in Video Visual Scene Display (Video VSD) software on Android tablets/Smartphones Shaffer, Steven 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Video Visual Scene Displays (Video VSDs) have been demonstrated to be a powerful method for supporting communication for persons with developmental disabilities and complex communication needs (see https://rerc-aac.psu.edu/development/d2-developing-aac-technology-to-support-interactive-video-visual-scene-displays/ ). Video VSDs are created using software that support creation of (a) videos of meaningful events within the individual’s life with (b) relevant language concepts embedded as hotspots within the scene (see http://aac.psu.edu/?p=3747 and http://aac.psu.edu/?p=3499). At present, the software (EasyVSD) used to create Video Visual Scene Displays does not support editing for time/length of video clips. The goal for this team is to write code that modifies the existing Video Visual Scene Display software so that video clips that are captured for use as VideoVSDs can be edited for length/time. This team will work in collaboration with Erik Jakobs of InvoTek (https://www.invotek.org/), the developer of the present Video VSD app (EasyVSD). It is expected that students will develop a working prototype that advances our understanding of engineering solutions to the challenge of making augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) easier to learn and use for persons with disabilities. Students will also be expected to submit their finished work to the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) Student Design Competition (more information at http://aac-rerc.psu.edu/wordpressmu/RESNA-SDC/ )
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU RERC on AAC 2 Adapting a Scanning Assessment Tool to Meet the Needs of Beginning Communicators Shaffer, Steven 3 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Scanning with a single switch enables operation of communication devices, but also provides significant cognitive challenges for the user (Ratcliff, 1994). We need effective methods to assess the performance of individuals who are just learning to scan. For these beginning communicators ( i.e., individuals who are very young, or who have cognitive disabilities), it is necessary to make use of assessment activities that are appropriate to their cognitive and developmental level (e.g., images of familiar items) and not activities that assume literacy skills ( e.g., the alphabet). While there is software such as scanning wizard (https://scanningwizard.com) to support assessment of scanning, these assessment tools were developed for a literate population, and make use of alphabet letters in the assessment activities. There may be benefits to assessment approaches that allow for a higher level of individualization (e.g., decreasing difficulty of the scanning task, using personally relevant images)
The goal for this team is to continue the work of a Fall 2017 Learning Factory Team (see "Software for Assessing Scanning Performance with Single Switch Technology" at https://rerc-aac.psu.edu/student-engineering-partnerships-for-fall-2017/ ). The goal is the development of scanning assessment software that would enable communication specialists to assess scanning using familiar visual images, and provide the ability to easily adjust the difficulty of the task. The software should also collect data on the performance of the participant and present it in an easily viewable manner, building upon the framework that exists in Scanning Wizard and the work of the Fall 2017 Learning Factory team.

Light, J. (1993). Teaching automatic linear scanning for computer access: A case study of a preschooler with severe physical and communication disabilities. Journal of Special Education Technology, 12(2), 125-134.

McCarthy, J., McCarthy, J., Light, J., Drager, K., McNaughton, D., Grodzicki, L., ... & Parkin, E. (2006). Re-designing scanning to reduce learning demands: The performance of typically developing 2-year-olds. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 22, 269-283.

Ratcliff, A. (1994). Comparison of relative demands implicated in direct selection and scanning: Considerations from normal children. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 10, 67-74.

It is expected that students will developing a working prototype that advances our understanding of engineering solutions to the challenge of making AAC easier to learn and use. Students will also be expected to submit their finished work to the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) Student Design Competition (more information at http://aac-rerc.psu.edu/wordpressmu/RESNA-SDC/ ).
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU START Lab Design and integration of a calibration jet facility for gas turbine component testing Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Ongoing research at Penn State University’s Steady Thermal Aero Research Turbine (START) Laboratory utilizes advanced measurement systems to quantify pressure, velocity, and temperature. However, the performance of these instrumentation technologies can be limited by their calibrations. Currently, many devices may require simplified in-situ calibrations or outsourced efforts at significant cost.

A new calibration jet facility is desired to integrate with existing measurement systems at the PSU START Lab. The desired facility will provide a low-turbulence jet with velocities in excess of 500 ft/s at temperatures as high as 400 °F. A team capable of performing calculations and design related to fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, data acquisition, and CAD modeling is required.

Specific tasks outlined for the project team include:
(1) Design of a jet nozzle, possibly through support from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools such as ANSYS-Fluent.
(2) Selection of dedicated measurement devices (pressure transducers, temperature devices, etc.) to quantify the jet velocity and other operating conditions.
(3) Design of a mechanism (e.g., geared stepper motor) capable of moving probes through several axes of motion during calibration.
(4) Specification of computer requirements and/or data acquisition devices capable of interfacing with systems in (2) and (3).
(5) Overall integration with existing facility components: design of required mating interfaces, necessary hardware modifications, etc.

A successful outcome from this design effort will lead to the operation of a new calibration jet facility. This facility will support probe calibration capabilities to benefit research programs outlining performance of aircraft engines and gas turbine engines for land-based power generation.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU STEM 1 Creation of a Puzzle for a STEM-Based Escape Room Kimel, Allen 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 0 3 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

This project calls for the design of a puzzle for a STEM-based escape room that we are proposing to create for the College of Engineering at Penn State. An escape room is a series of puzzles that must be solved before the team can exit (escape) the room. The purposes of the escape room are as follows: (1) reinforce STEM principles learned in physics, chemistry, and other STEM courses taken during the first two years; (2) provide a team-building activity for student organizations in the College of Engineering; and (3) provide a fun and challenging activity for prospective students.

Customer Needs: Although this capstone project is more open-ended than most, the customer needs are specific. First, the puzzle should be STEM-oriented such that a team of students would need to use principles from first-year engineering, science, or mathematics courses to solve. Second, because teams will try to guess at the solution, the solution sequence needs to be challenging. Third, because the puzzle will be used scores of times, the puzzle needs to be durable. Fourth, because the puzzle will be used in presentations to potential donors for the proposed escape room and to College administrators, the puzzle needs to have a coolness factor (not a technical term, but you what we mean). No doubt, the design will come up with additional customer needs and corresponding metrics and target specifications to accompany those needs.

Example Puzzle: Many puzzles rely on the team to press a series of buttons in a certain sequence so that an electrical signal causes a door or panel to open—in other words, these puzzle designs rely on mechatronics. One example of such a puzzle would be a periodic table of elements, in which each element is a panel to be pressed. The puzzle would then call upon the team to decide which four or five panels need to be pressed and in which order.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PSU STEM 2 Creation of a Puzzle for a STEM-Based Escape Room Eser, Semih 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 0 3 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

This project calls for the design of a puzzle for a STEM-based escape room that we are proposing to create for the College of Engineering at Penn State. An escape room is a series of puzzles that must be solved before the team can exit (escape) the room. The purposes of the escape room are as follows: (1) reinforce STEM principles learned in physics, chemistry, and other STEM courses taken during the first two years; (2) provide a team-building activity for student organizations in the College of Engineering; and (3) provide a fun and challenging activity for prospective students.

Customer Needs: Although this capstone project is more open-ended than most, the customer needs are specific. First, the puzzle should be STEM-oriented such that a team of students would need to use principles from first-year engineering, science, or mathematics courses to solve. Second, because teams will try to guess at the solution, the solution sequence needs to be challenging. Third, because the puzzle will be used scores of times, the puzzle needs to be durable. Fourth, because the puzzle will be used in presentations to potential donors for the proposed escape room and to College administrators, the puzzle needs to have a coolness factor (not a technical term, but you what we mean). No doubt, the design will come up with additional customer needs and corresponding metrics and target specifications to accompany those needs.

Example Puzzle: Many puzzles rely on the team to press a series of buttons in a certain sequence so that an electrical signal causes a door or panel to open—in other words, these puzzle designs rely on mechatronics. One example of such a puzzle would be a periodic table of elements, in which each element is a panel to be pressed. The puzzle would then call upon the team to decide which four or five panels need to be pressed and in which order.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
PTC Inc. ThingWorx and the Internet of Things Bilen, Len 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

Overview
ThingWorx is the first software platform designed to build and run the applications of the connected world. ThingWorx reduces the time, cost, and risk required to build innovative Machine-to-Machine (M2M) and Internet of Things (IoT) applications. As the leading IoT platform it is very important for us as a company to continue to find new and innovative ways to use the Internet of Things to solve real world problems. For this new ThingWorx Learning Factory project we are looking for a group of creative and innovative Computer Science and Engineering students to find an idea and then execute a project that will utilize a variety of different types of IoT devices including smart phones, sensors, etc. and the ThingWorx platform to create a working proof-of-concept IoT solution by the end of the semester. Our project this semester is purposefully open-ended as we are looking for students who will bring new ideas to the table that they will be excited about and driven to deliver.

Past Projects
Past ThingWorx-sponsored Capstone projects have generally consisted of one or more connected devices and sensors, user interfaces using ThingWorx "mashups" and often a mobile application that allows individual users to interact with the ThingWorx platform solution. Examples of past projects include:

Smart Campus Safety - a solution that allows users (students, faculty, staff) to submit and view campus events such as safety concerns, traffic hazards, building maintenance issues, etc. The following were the primary components of the solution:
- Raspberry Pi with a touch screen to allow users (e.g. students) to submit events
- Administrative Mashup UI allowing an admin to manage the system
- Android and IOS applications to view and submit campus events

Smart Parking Lot - a solution for managing multiple parking lots. Each parking space would be equipped with a sensor to determine availability. User interfaces were created for an administrator to manage one or more parking lots and for customers to find parking lots with availability and reserve a spot. The following were the primary components of the solution:
- Raspberry Pi set up with 3 sensors to represent parking spaces
- Parking Lot Mashup UI for managing multiple parking lots
- Android application for customers to find parking lots with availability

Typical Skill Sets
The skills sets employed for past projects have varied, but some examples are listed below:
- Programming Languages: JavaScript, Java, Python, C, .NET
- Device Connectivity - Raspberry Pi, Arduino, etc.
- IOS Development
- Android Development
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Quaker Chemical Corporation Machining of Hard Wear Resistant Materials Used For Engine Cylinder Liners Cannon, Dave 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

There is a current trend in automotive engine manufacturing to utilize hard, thin coatings applied via plasma spray, as engine cylinder liners. Such hard thin coatings show improved wear resistance and increased weight reduction, relative to conventional cast iron cylinder sleeves. This project will focus on the study of the machinability and properties of hard wear resistant materials utilized for this application, as well as the study of the lubrication provided by selected metalworking fluids. Specifically, the project will involve the development of a continuous cutting machining process utilizing a turning operation, which will serve to simulate the fine boring of engine cylinders and cylinder liners and through use of this test, study the machinability of two hard wear resistant materials as well as the machining performance offered by three different metalworking fluids.

Deliverables
1. Establish machining test conditions simulating the continuous cutting performed in fine boring of plasma sprayed cylinder coatings
2. Using two different workpiece materials (Manganese Steel & 17-4 PH Stainless Steel) evaluate the machining performance of, and the insert wear occurring during the use of three different metalworking fluids.
3. Investigate the surface quality and microstructural changes occurring with increased machining and increasing tool wear.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Shell Exploration and Production 1 Shell Ecomarathon – New Design Neal, Gary 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Interested in designing the car of the future? For over 30 years, Shell Eco-Marathon competitions have challenged future automotive engineers and scientists to push the limits of energy efficiency and innovate solutions to the world’s mobility challenges. In April 2018, Penn State students in this project will have the opportunity to join high school and college students from across the Americas in California and participate in the 12th annual competition. More information on this year's Eco-marathon can be found on the website: http://www.shell.com/energy-and-innovation/shell-ecomarathon/americas.html. The New Design Team will start a ground-up redesign of the Urban Concept vehicle to meet new competition rules that are to take effect in 2019. The motivation for this new ground-up design will be to meet all required Shell Ecomarathon rules while creating an ultra-efficient Urban vehicle (think Smart car) with a much more appealing exterior design (think sports car). The vision is to have a “mini me” version of the Penn State EcoCAR team’s 2016 Chevy Camaro. This team will perform all computer aided design of the vehicle (body, chassis, steering, powertrain, etc.). The team will perform finite element analysis to ensure the design meets strength requirements. The Penn State Ecomarathon team’s website is https://sites.psu.edu/pennstateecomarathon/. A video of a previous year's Penn State team can be found here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZA1C0A-7nVs
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Shell Exploration and Production 2 Shell EcoMarathon - Prototype Car Neal, Gary 0 0 3 0 3 1 0 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Interested in designing the car of the future? For over 30 years, Shell Eco-Marathon competitions have challenged future automotive engineers and scientists to push the limits of energy efficiency and innovate solutions to the world’s mobility challenges. In April 2018, Penn State students in this project will have the opportunity to join high school and college students from across the Americas in California and participate in the 12th annual competition. More information on this year's Eco-marathon can be found on the website: http://www.shell.com/energy-and-innovation/shell-ecomarathon/americas.html. The Prototype Team will utilize some of the latest electric vehicle technology to optimize the drive/motor system by working with the battery, motor, motor controller, and car body/steering. Electrical engineers will be challenged to complete the design, build, and rigorous testing of a custom-designed brushless DC motor controller including printed circuit board design/manufacturing and Arduino microcontroller programming. Engineers will undertake carbon fiber composite design to develop a lightweight body. They will figure out ways to reduce parasitic loads (friction, drag, aerodynamics, etc.) in order to increase overall fuel economy. The team will be expected to build on past students work to optimize and test drive the car, proving that it can compete with the nation's best schools. The Penn State Ecomarathon team’s website is https://sites.psu.edu/pennstateecomarathon/. A video of a previous year's Penn State team can be found here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZA1C0A-7nVs
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Shell Exploration and Production 3 Shell Urban Concept Competition Team Neal, Gary 0 0 0 0 3 2 3 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Interested in designing the car of the future? For over 30 years, Shell Eco-Marathon competitions have challenged future automotive engineers and scientists to push the limits of energy efficiency and innovate solutions to the world’s mobility challenges. In April 2018, Penn State students in this project will have the opportunity to join high school and college students from across the Americas in California and participate in the 12th annual competition. More information on this year's Eco-marathon can be found on the website: http://www.shell.com/energy-and-innovation/shell-ecomarathon/americas.html The Urban Concept Competition Team will be tasked with preparing the Urban Concept car for competition in April. The team will be testing and optimizing the newly built gasoline engine by performing custom tuning of the engine’s electronic fuel injection system. The team will upgrade the brakes to meet competition regulations, and utilize skills and an innovative mindset to redesign various parts of the car to enhance fuel efficiency (brakes, car body, and telemetry system). Mechanical and electrical engineers are needed. The Penn State Ecomarathon team’s website is https://sites.psu.edu/pennstateecomarathon/. A video of a previous year's Penn State team can be found here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZA1C0A-7nVs
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Shippert Tech, LLC 1 Physician Time Tracker Shaffer, Steven 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 3 0 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

Healthcare expenditures continue to rise. All categories of expenditures are under increased scrutiny to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse. Certain physician services are billed in time increments. Some third-party payers have increased time documentation requirements in the form of “clocking in” and “clocking out” with time stamps. Such documentation is onerous to a critical care physician and is subject to recall bias. Why not try and simplify a piece of the puzzle to allow the physicians focus on what they do best: the medical care and have to worry less about the red tape?

The goal of this project is to create a mobile app that can easily track time stamps, total cumulative time, and outputs the data for simplified billing of clinical time. Deliverables will be 1) Design and development of a mobile application allowing users to create, manipulate and store time-stamped data. 2) Design and develop the associated back-end database to store customer information, as well as house application usage feedback information. 3) Financial analysis of any related hardware or maintenance costs. 4) code files and copyright and patent considerations.

The project sponsor is a veteran owned small business based in Centre County.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Shippert Tech, LLC 2 Design, refinement, and scaling of a novel medical safety device Zheng, Siyang 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 0 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

This project will entail design refinement and development of a working prototype for a patent-pending medical safety device. The base device is used in both human and veterinary medicine predominately in the fields of Critical Care, Emergency Medicine, and Prehospital/Tactical Medicine. This project not only has the potential to impact the safety and comfort of patients, but that of the operators. By limiting or preventing exposure to biological materials and potentially dangerous instruments, this safety device improves handling and decreases secondary healthcare and human resource costs. With battlefield medicine applications, milspec material should be considered during the analysis.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Sikorsky, A Lockheed Martin Company 1 Search & Rescue VTOL UAV - Team 1 Ray, Asok 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Sikorsky prides itself on building machines that save lives every day. Our products are continually used for medevac, search & rescue, and emergency medical services by civilian and military operators. With this in mind, Sikorsky is seeking a team of mechanical and electrical engineers to develop a new VTOL UAV to be used in search & rescue operations (SAR). Faced with the challenge of aiding survivors after a natural disaster, the UAV will be used by the SAR operator to scan a large search area and locate survivors. This includes operating the UAV beyond operator visual range. Once the person in distress is found, the operator will use UAV reported location data and terrain scans to coordinate rescue efforts. In addition to locating the individual in distress, the UAV will deliver vital emergency supplies (0.5-1 lb. packages) to aid them until rescue. Mechanical engineers will focus on designing and implementing a robust airframe capable of operation in harsh environments and easy transportation. Provisions should be included for a 0.5-1 lbs. usable payload and the propulsion system should be optimized for increased mission time. Use of Additive manufacturing and traditional VTOL UAV configurations are encouraged. Electrical engineers will focus on the development of the system. This includes UAV control, sensor integration, and pilot interface. Students should utilize commercially available hardware and software to expand the capabilities of the VTOL UAV. Design emphasis should be around cargo delivery, sensing, and reducing operator workload. Improvements to overall aircraft handling should permit UAV operation with minimal training. The goal of the project is to demonstrate the integration of the necessary structural (airframe, cargo release, etc.) and electrical components (motors, flight controller, etc.) to create a fully functional, advanced VTOL UAV for a search & rescue mission. Students will be challenged to balance performance, efficiency, UAV design, and advanced features to achieve the best possible solution.

This project will culminate in a competition between the two teams. During the competition, teams will be awarded points for: innovation, build quality, target location, and the ability to accurately deliver the most supplies within a 30 minute window.


Deliverables include: Architecture diagram Full 3D model Bill of material System Performance Calculations Flight envelope definition Critical Design Review Line of Sight flight demonstration
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Sikorsky, A Lockheed Martin Company 2 Search & Rescue VTOL UAV - Team 2 Shanbhag, Uday 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 1 0 3 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: NO

Sikorsky prides itself on building machines that save lives every day. Our products are continually used for medevac, search & rescue, and emergency medical services by civilian and military operators. With this in mind, Sikorsky is seeking a team of mechanical and electrical engineers to develop a new VTOL UAV to be used in search & rescue operations (SAR). Faced with the challenge of aiding survivors after a natural disaster, the UAV will be used by the SAR operator to scan a large search area and locate survivors. This includes operating the UAV beyond operator visual range. Once the person in distress is found, the operator will use UAV reported location data and terrain scans to coordinate rescue efforts. In addition to locating the individual in distress, the UAV will deliver vital emergency supplies (0.5-1 lb. packages) to aid them until rescue. Mechanical engineers will focus on designing and implementing a robust airframe capable of operation in harsh environments and easy transportation. Provisions should be included for a 0.5-1 lbs. usable payload and the propulsion system should be optimized for increased mission time. Use of Additive manufacturing and traditional VTOL UAV configurations are encouraged. Electrical engineers will focus on the development of the system. This includes UAV control, sensor integration, and pilot interface. Students should utilize commercially available hardware and software to expand the capabilities of the VTOL UAV. Design emphasis should be around cargo delivery, sensing, and reducing operator workload. Improvements to overall aircraft handling should permit UAV operation with minimal training. The goal of the project is to demonstrate the integration of the necessary structural (airframe, cargo release, etc.) and electrical components (motors, flight controller, etc.) to create a fully functional, advanced VTOL UAV for a search & rescue mission. Students will be challenged to balance performance, efficiency, UAV design, and advanced features to achieve the best possible solution.

This project will culminate in a competition between the two teams. During the competition, teams will be awarded points for: innovation, build quality, target location, and the ability to accurately deliver the most supplies within a 30 minute window.


Deliverables include: Architecture diagram Full 3D model Bill of material System Performance Calculations Flight envelope definition Critical Design Review Line of Sight flight demonstration
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
Solutionwerks, Inc. Prototype Design for an Oxygen Liquefier Yavuzkurt, Savas 0 0 3 0 2 0 3 0 3 1 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: YES

Intellectual Property: YES

The student team will develop the design for and build a non-working scale model of an automated system for the liquefaction of a mixed component oxygen rich gas stream. The oxygen liquefier will utilize a unique proprietary process cycle to be developed as part of this project while utilizing off-the-shelf refrigeration components, including valves and instrumentation, as necessary to facilitate unattended continuous operation.

Deliverables will include the results of a patent search, a process and instrumentation diagram, heat and material balance, basic process and mechanical design specifications for the major equipment, general arrangement 2D and 3D drawings, control logic description and a scaled mock-up of the assembled unit utilizing commonly available modeling materials. The project sponsor will provide the basic sizing parameters for the prototype design and model that will then be scaled up and down as needed for varying industrial applications.

The strategic intent of this project is to confirm feasibility of the design and its suitability for commercialization. Key design goals will be simplicity; ease of construction, start-up and operation; reliability; maintainability; safety and low cost.

The project team will be developing intellectual property on behalf of the sponsor and will be required to sign non-disclosure and intellectual property rights transfer agreements. As such, the release of information into the public domain during and following completion of this project will be limited.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
SPHERES Consulting, LLC Developing a Mechanically Correct Golf Swing Trainer Knecht, Sean 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement: NO

Intellectual Property: YES

One of the most critical skills in golf is the ability to hit a golf ball a long distance in the desired direction. This requires a combination of high club speed while maintaining the appropriate orientation of the club face. There is a plethora of swing trainers in the market today that are designed to improve club speed; of those, at least two (http://velocityshaft.com/ and https://superspeedgolf.com/news/) are designed to take advantage of scientifically proven principles to help improve swing speed. Golf instructors have noted that these trainers often do result in an increase in club speed; however, they also tend to result in a decreased ability to control the club face, thereby creating poor direction control and an overall decrease in shot quality.
The likely cause lies in the design of these trainers. The existing trainers on the market have a mass that is centered about the shaft. An actual golf club has a head that is roughly perpendicular to the shaft, thus shifting the center of mass away from the center of the shaft. The goal of this project is to design a swing trainer that better represents the mass properties of a golf club so that it creates increased club speed while maintaining the ability to control the orientation of the club face.

Deliverables:
1. Computer design of a swing trainer that fulfills the overall mass requirements while mimicking the offset mass of an actual club.
2. Working prototype of proposed swing trainer.
Company Name ProjecttTitle Faculty Contact BME CHE CMPEN CMPSC ED EE ESC IE MATSE ME NUCE
TEAMology LLC Design and Development of 3D Figurines for TEAMology Shanbhag, Uday 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 3 2 0

Non-Disclosure Agreement:</